The Supreme Court of India is the highest judicial forum and final court of appeal as established by Part V, Chapter IV of the Constitution of India. According to the Constitution of India, the role of the Supreme Court is that of a federal court and guardian of the Constitution.
Articles 124 to 147 of the Constitution of India lay down the composition and jurisdiction of the Supreme Court of India. The Supreme Court is meant to be the last resort and highest appellate court which takes up appeals against judgments of the High Courts of the states and territories. Also, disputes between states or petitions involving a serious infringement of fundamental and human rights are usually brought directly to the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court of India held its inaugural sitting on 28 January 1950, and since then has delivered more than 24,000 reported judgments.
Read more about Supreme Court Of India: Constitution of The Court, The Supreme Court Building and Its Architecture, Jurisdiction, Process, Judicial Independence, Jammu and Kashmir, Emergency and Government of India, Post-1980: An Assertive Supreme Court, Recent Important Cases
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... On 28 January 1950, two days after India's constitution came into force, the Supreme Court of India was founded in Delhi ... this Chamber of Princes, that the Federal Court of India had sat for 12 years between 1937 and 1950 ... This was to be the home of the Supreme Court for years that were to follow its creation, until the Supreme Court of India acquired its own building in 1958 ...
... the trial began for eight foreign aid workers, as the nine-judge bench of the Supreme Court held preliminary deliberations ... denied Western diplomats access to a court where eight foreign aid workers were on trial for promoting Christianity, but Chief Justice Noor Mohammad Saqib said the defendants ... workers would be meaningful only if it is held in an open court ...
... Mahajan took office as the third Chief Justice of India on January 4, 1954 ... He was the head of India's judicial system for almost a year, until his retirement on December 22, 1954 (mandatory retirement at age 65) ... Chief Justice he served as one of the first Judges of the Supreme Court of independent India from October 1948 ... to January 3, 1954 ...
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“Henderson: What about Congress and the Supreme Court and the President? We got to pay them, dont we?
Grandpa: Not with my money, no sir.”
—Robert Riskin (18971955)
“There exists no politician in India daring enough to attempt to explain to the masses that cows can be eaten.”
—Indira Gandhi (19171984)
“... the outcome of the Clarence Thomas hearings and his subsequent appointment to the Supreme Court shows how misguided, narrow notions of racial solidarity that suppress dissent and critique can lead black folks to support individuals who will not protect their rights.”
—bell hooks (b. c. 1955)
“We should have learnt by now that laws and court decisions can only point the way. They can establish criteria of right and wrong. And they can provide a basis for rooting out the evils of bigotry and racism. But they cannot wipe away centuries of oppression and injusticehowever much we might desire it.”
—Hubert H. Humphrey (19111978)