Supplementary Benefit

Supplementary Benefit was a means-tested benefit in the United Kingdom, paid to people on low incomes, whether or not they were classed as unemployed such as pensioners, the sick and single-parents. Introduced in November 1966, it replaced the earlier system of discretionary National Assistance payments and was intended to 'top-up' other benefits, hence its name. It was paid weekly by the DHSS, through giro cheques and order books, or fortnightly by the Unemployment Benefit Office by giro and cashed at local post offices.

Unemployed people were the largest proportion of claimants, usually those under the age of 18 and had not yet entered employment, or those who had been unemployed longer than twelve months and exhausted eligibility for Unemployment Benefit. Criticism arose because of the apparent lack of sanctions against unemployed claimants and the perception of a benefits culture.

The benefit was abolished and replaced by Income Support on 11th April 1988, as part of a wider overhaul of the benefits system. This was a significant shift in ethos, moving from a benefit based on circumstances that was customisable to take account of factors such as heating and diet needs; to one based on age with very little flexibility.

State benefits in the United Kingdom
Current
  • Attendance Allowance
  • Bereavement Benefit
  • Carer's Allowance
  • Child benefit
  • Child Tax Credit
  • Disability Living Allowance
  • Education Maintenance Allowance
  • Employment and Support Allowance
  • Housing Benefit
  • Income Support
  • Jobseeker's Allowance (JSA)
  • Local Housing Allowance
  • Pension Credit
  • Personal Independence Payment
  • State Pension
  • Student finance system
  • Working Tax Credit
Former
  • Council Tax Benefit (Now Council Tax Reduction)
  • Incapacity Benefit
  • Severe Disablement Allowance
  • Supplementary Benefit
  • Invalidity Benefit
  • Sickness Benefit
Planned
  • Universal Credit (2013)

Other articles related to "benefits, supplementary benefit, benefit":

Wislon - First Term As Prime Minister - Domestic Affairs - Social Services and Welfare
... its victory in the 1964 general election, Wilson's government began to increase social benefits ... scheme for the poor) was overhauled and renamed Supplementary Benefit ... The means test was replaced with a statement of income, and benefit rates for pensioners (the great majority of claimants) were increased, granting them a real gain ...

Famous quotes containing the word benefit:

    If I were asked to name the chief benefit of the house, I should say: the house shelters day-dreaming, the house protects the dreamer, the house allows one to dream in peace.
    Gaston Bachelard (1884–1962)