Sumba–Flores Languages - Classification


  • Bima
  • Sumba languages (see)
  • Ende–Manggarai (western–central Flores)
    • Manggarai–Komodo, Riung
    • Central Flores
      • Ende–Lio (a dialect cluster of Ende, Palu'e, Li'o, Nage, Ke'o)
      • Ngad'a–So'a (dialect cluster)
      • other: Rembong, Rajong, Rongga, ?Kepo', Wae Rana
  • Flores–Lembata (eastern Flores and isles immediately east)
    • Sika
    • KedangLamaholot: Kedang, Lamaholot (dialect cluster)
    • other: Adonara, Alorese, Ile Ape, Lembata, Lamatuka–Lewo Eleng, Lamalera, Levuka, Lewotobi

Blust (2009) finds moderate support for linking Bimanese, Sumba, and many or all of the languages of western and central Flores. That is, for Sumba–Flores excluding Flores–Lembata. A 2008 analysis of the Austronesian Basic Vocabulary Database, on the other hand, found full support for Sumba–Flores as a whole and for each of the four branches listed here, and moderate support (82% confidence) for the unity of Bima and Sumba against the rest.

Of the three Flores–Lembata languages included in the 2008 study, Sika was the more divergent, against Kedang–Lamaholot. The other languages were not addressed. Likewise, Manggarai was found to diverge from Ngadha and Li'o, with the other languages unadressed.

Read more about this topic:  Sumba–Flores Languages

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