Sulfur Mustard

Sulfur Mustard

The sulfur mustards, or sulphur mustards, commonly known as mustard gas, are a class of related cytotoxic and vesicant chemical warfare agents with the ability to form large blisters on the exposed skin and in the lungs. Pure sulfur mustards are colorless, viscous liquids at room temperature. When used in impure form, such as warfare agents, they are usually yellow-brown in color and have an odor resembling mustard plants, garlic or horseradish, hence the name. Mustard gas was originally assigned the name LOST, after the scientists Wilhelm Lommel and Wilhelm Steinkopf, who developed a method for the large-scale production of mustard gas for the Imperial German Army in 1916.

Mustard agents are regulated under the 1993 Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC). Three classes of chemicals are monitored under this Convention, with sulfur and nitrogen mustard grouped in Schedule 1, as substances with no use other than in chemical warfare. Mustard agents could be deployed on the battlefield by means of artillery shells, aerial bombs, rockets, or by spraying from warplanes.

Read more about Sulfur MustardSynthesis, Mechanism of Toxicity, Physiological Effects, Formulations, Sulfur Mustard Agents (class)

Other articles related to "sulfur mustard, sulfur, mustard":

Yellow Cross (chemical Warfare)
... Yellow Cross (Gelbkreuz) is a World War I chemical warfare agent usually based on sulfur mustard (HS, Yperite, Lost) ... The original Gelbkreuz was a composition of 80-90% of sulfur mustard and 10-20% of tetrachloromethane or chlorobenzene as a solvent which lowered its ... French "ypérite no.20" was a similar mixture of 80% sulfur mustard and 20% tetrachloromethane ...
Albert Niemann (chemist) - Life - Sulfur Mustard
... During experiments with ethylene and sulfur dichloride, Niemann discovered bis(2-chloroethyl) sulfide which was later named sulfur mustard and used extensively as chemical ...
Sulfur Mustard - History - Detection in Biological Fluids
... the thiodiglycol hydrolysis products of sulfur mustard have been used to confirm a diagnosis of chemical poisoning in hospitalized victims ... Intact sulfur mustard was detected in postmortem fluids and tissues of a man who died one week post-exposure ...
Air Raid On Bari - John Harvey
... Liberty ship John Harvey—had been carrying a secret cargo of 2,000 M47A1 mustard gas bombs, each holding 60–70 lb (27–32 kg) of the agent ... destruction of John Harvey caused liquid sulfur mustard from the bombs to spill into waters already contaminated by oil from the other damaged vessels ... covered with this oily mixture which provided an ideal solvent for the sulfur mustard ...
SS John Harvey - Bari Incident
... shipment of chemical munitions containing mustard agent to the Mediterranean theater ... Oran, Algeria, to Italy, carrying 2,000 M47A1 mustard gas bombs, each of which held 60–70 lb of sulfur mustard ... including the John Harvey, which was destroyed in a huge explosion, causing liquid sulfur mustard to spill into the water and a cloud of sulfur mustard vapor to blow over the city ...

Famous quotes containing the word mustard:

    He put before them another parable: “The kingdom of heaven is like a mustard seed that someone took and sowed in his field; it is the smallest of all the seeds, but when it has grown it is the greatest of shrubs and becomes a tree, so that the birds of the air come and make nests in its branches.”
    Bible: New Testament, Matthew 13:31,32.