Suffixes in Hebrew - Loanwords

Loanwords

These sufixes (Hebrew: סוֹפִית sofit) often come from loanwords from English (Latin, Greek, etc...) which are especially prevalent with technical and academic terms.

Suffix Origin Hebrew Meaning Examples
-graphy Ladino גְרַפְיָה- -grafya field of study; writing
  • גֵּאוֹגְרַפְיָה geografya geography
  • קָלִיגְרַפְיָה caligrafya calligraphy
-ic/-ical Biblical Hebrew/ English ִי- i of or pertaining to
  • נוֹסְטַלְגִּי nostalgi nostalgic
  • פּוֹלִיטִי politi political
  • מִיתִי miti mythic(al)
-ian/-an/-ish Biblical Hebrew/ English ִי- i belonging to
  • רוּסִי rusi Russian
  • אוּטוֹפִּי utopi utopian
  • גֶּרְמָנִי germani German
  • בְּרִיטִי briti British
  • פּוֹלִיטִיקַאי politikai politician
  • קוֹמִיקַאי komikai comedian
-ar English ָרִי- ari pertaining to
  • מוֹלֶקוּלָרִי molekulari molecular
  • לִינֵאָרִי lineari linear
  • קַוִּי kavi (means: line-pertaining to) linear
-ism English יזְם- -izm movement; discriminatory belief
  • לִיבֶּרָלִיזְם liberalizm liberalism
  • סֶקְסִיזְם seksizm sexism
-kinesis Greek קִינֶזִיס- -kinezis movement, motion
  • טֶלֶקִינֶזִיס telekinezis telekinesis
  • פְּסִיכוֹקִינֶזִיס psikhokinezis psychokinesis
-logy (and -ology) Ladino לוֹגְיָה- -logya branch of learning
  • בִּיוֹלוֹגְיָה biyologya biology
  • טְרִילוֹגְיָה trilogya trilogy
-mania Greek מַנְיָה- -manya obsession
  • פִּירוֹמַנְיָה piromanya (means: pyro-mania) pyromania
  • קְלֶפְּטוֹמַנְיָה kleptomanya (means: klepto-mania) kleptomania
-maniac English מָן- -man person with obsession
  • פִּירוֹמָן piroman (means: pyro-maniac) pyromaniac
  • קְלֶפְּטוֹמָן kleptoman (means: klepto-maniac) kleptomaniac
-oid English וֹאִיד- -oid similar, but not the same
  • אַנְדְּרוֹאִיד android android
  • הוּמָנוֹאִיד humanoid humanoid
-onym English וֹנִים- -onim name
  • אֶפּוֹנִים eponim eponym
  • הֶטְרוֹנִים hetronim heteronym
-scope English סְקוֹפּ- -skop instrument for viewing
  • טֶלֶסְקוֹפּ teleskop telescope
  • טְרַנְסְאַטְלַנְטִי mikroskop microscope
-esque French ֶסְקָה- -eska resembling
  • בּוּרְלֶסְקָה burleska burlesque
  • הוּמוֹרֶסְקָה humoreska humoresque
  • גְּרוֹטֶסְקִי groteski grotesque
-y Ladino יָה- -ya having the quality of
  • קוֹמֶדְיָה komedya comedy
  • הִיסְטוֹרְיָה historya history
  • פִילוֹסוֹפְיָה filosofya philosophy
-meter English מֶטֶר- -meter measuring device;
units of measure
  • בָּרוֹמֶטֶר barometer barometer
  • קִילוֹמֶטֶר kilometer kilometer
-nik Yiddish נִיק- nik one connected with
  • מוֹשַׁבְנִיק moshavnik moshav member/resident
  • נוּדְנִיק nudnik bothersome person

Read more about this topic:  Suffixes In Hebrew

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