Substratum

  • (noun): Any stratum lying underneath another.
    Synonyms: substrate

Some articles on substratum:

Stratum (linguistics) - Substratum
... A substratum or substrate (plural substrata or substrates) is a language that influences an intrusive language that supplants it ... the influence the substratum language exerts on the supplanting language ... three main types of linguistic interference substratum interference differs from both adstratum, which involves no language replacement but rather mutual borrowing ...
Arguments For Eternity - From The Nature of The Physical World - Argument From The Nature of Matter
... Everything that comes into existence does so from a substratum ... matter of the universe came into existence, it would come into existence from a substratum ... But the nature of matter is precisely to be the substratum from which other things arise ...
Language Contact - Forms of Influence of One Language On Another - Stratal Influence
... However, when language shift occurs, the language that is replaced (known as the substratum) can leave a profound impression on the replacing language (known as the superstratum), when people retain features ... Ireland comes partially from the influence of the substratum of Irish ... phylum, Coptic, the last stage of ancient Egyptian, is a substratum of Egyptian Arabic ...
Pixuetu Dialect - Linguistic Description - Vocabulary - Substratum
... There is very little information about the language of the ancient astures, although it is possible that it was related with two Indo-European languages Celtic and Lusitanian ... The words of the ancient astures or other preā€“Indo-European languages spoken in this area, are grouped under the name of prelatinian substratum ...
History Of The Romanian Language - External History - Substratum
... Main article Eastern Romance substratum See also Balkan Sprachbund and List of Romanian words of possible Dacian origin Modern knowledge of the Eastern Romance substratum is ... the linguist Kim Schulte proposes a "Thraco-Dacian" substratum, while Herbert J ... Estimates of the number of Romanian words of substratum origin range between about 90 and 140 ...