Subh Sukh Chain

Subh Sukh Chain (Hindi: शुभ सुख चैन) was the national anthem (Qaumi Tarana) of the Provisional Government of Free India (Arzi Hukumat-e-Azad Hind). The song was based on a highly Sanskritized Bengali poem Jana Gana Mana (the complete song) by Rabindranath Tagore.After Mr. Bose shifted to Southeast Asia from Germany in 1943, he with the help of Mumtaz Hussain, a writer with the Azad Hind Radio and Colonel Abid Hassan Saffrani of the INA, had rewritten Tagore’s Jana Gana Mana into Hindustani Subh Sukh Chain for being used as the national anthem.

Netaji attached great significance to music as a source of inspiration for a force that was being prepared to fight till the finish. Netaji came down to the then INA broadcasting station at the Cathay Building in Singapore and asked Capt.Ram Singh Thakur to compose music for a song translated from Rabindra Nath Tagore's original Bengali score. He asked him to give the song a martial tune that would not put people to sleep but awaken those who were sleeping. India attained Independence on August 15, 1947, and the next morning Jawaharlal Nehru unfurled the Tricolour on the ramparts of the Red Fort and addressed the nation. It was on this occasion that Capt.Ram Singh Thakur was especially invited to play the tune of Qaumi Tarana of the INA along with the members of his orchestra group.

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