Sub-Carpathian Reformed Church
The Sub-Carpathian Reformed Church (SCRC) (Ukrainian: Закарпатська Реформатська Церква) is a Christian Protestant association in Ukraine which declares its foundations on the works of Huldrych Zwingli and John Calvin written during the 1520s and 1530s. By 2007 it had 105 communities, 55 ministers and 105 churches. The Church is located in the Sub-Carpathian region, with its center in Berehove. The area borders on several Eastern European countries, and Romanians, Hungarians, Slovaks and other ethnic groups live there in addition to Ukrainians.
The SCRC is considered to be the oldest Protestant community in Ukraine (first group of Reformers appeared in Sub-Carpathia in 1530s) and the only church of the Calvinist tradition. It is organizationally divided into 3 regions (Uzhanskyi, Berezskyi, Maromorosh-Ugochanskyi), which are subject to the governing board of the SCRC. The highest governing and regulating bodies are the General Assembly and Synod of the Governing Board of the Church. Bishops and members of the Synod are elected for four-year terms. The majority of the SCRC faithful are ethnic Hungarians. The Church promoted the establishment of three specialized secondary schools (with teaching of additional religious and theological subjects), operates 80 Sunday schools, has its special charitable foundation, and publishes a quarterly journal Mission (with 500 copies circulation). Pastoral leaders are educated and trained mainly in Hungary, Romania and Slovakia. The present leader of the community is Bishop Zan Fabian Aleksandr (since January 2007). The Church is a member of World Alliance of Reformed Churches and by some estimations involves about 140,000 parishioners.
Several church buildings of reformers are well-known historical monuments and tourist attractions to Zakarpattya, namely a stone Gothic church in Muzhievo, a Gothic church in Chetfolvo (15th century), a Baroque church in Chetfolvo, and a Gothic church in Novoselytsia (Beken).
Leaders and members of the Sub-Carpathian Reformed Church were persecuted by the communist authorities in the Soviet Union and were sent to Gulag labour camps in Siberia. By some estimations, 40,000 persons from Sub-Carpathia perished between Fall 1944 (when the Soviet Army invaded the territory) and 1956.
Other articles related to "church":
... The Sub-Carpathian Reformed Church (SCRC) declares its foundations on the works of Zwingli and Calvin written during the 1520s and 1530s ... group of Reformers appeared in Sub-Carpathia in 1530s) and the only Church of the Calvinist tradition ... The Church promoted the establishment of three specialized secondary schools (teaching additional religious and theological subjects), has its specialized charitable foundation, publishes a quarterly journal "M ...
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