In microwave and radio-frequency engineering, a stub is a length of transmission line or waveguide that is connected at one end only. The free end of the stub is either left open-circuit or (especially in the case of waveguides) short-circuited. Neglecting transmission line losses, the input impedance of the stub is purely reactive; either capacitive or inductive, depending on the electrical length of the stub, and on whether it is open or short circuit. Stubs may thus be considered to be frequency-dependent capacitors and frequency-dependent inductors.
Because stubs take on reactive properties as a function of their electrical length, stubs are most common in UHF or microwave circuits where the line lengths are more manageable. Stubs are commonly used in antenna impedance matching circuits and frequency selective filters.
Smith charts can also be used to determine what length line to use to obtain a desired reactance.
Other articles related to "stubs, stub":
... Stubscan be used to match a load impedance to the transmission line characteristic impedance ... The stubis positioned a distance from the load ... The length of the stubis chosen so that it exactly cancels the reactive part of the presented impedance ...