Striatum

The striatum, also known as the neostriatum or striate nucleus, is a subcortical (i.e., inside, rather than on the outside) part of the forebrain. It is the major input station of the basal ganglia system. The striatum, in turn, gets input from the cerebral cortex. In primates (including humans), the striatum is divided by a white matter tract called the internal capsule into two sectors called the caudate nucleus and putamen. The term corpus striatum sometimes refers to the striatum combined with the globus pallidus, a structure closely related to the putamen, and the lenticular nucleus refers to the putamen together with the globus pallidus.

Read more about Striatum:  History, Cell Types, Function

Other articles related to "striatum":

Medium Spiny Neuron - Appearance and Location
... trees is packed with numerous small spines which receive synaptic inputs from neurons outside the striatum ... The corpus striatum - consisting of nucleus caudatus, putamen, and nucleus accumbens - is the main input station of the basal ganglia ... and primary auditory cortex project to the striatum ...
Ventral Tegmentum - Limbic Loop
... In both systems, there are major excitatory inputs from the cortex to the striatum (accumbens nucleus), the midbrain project neuromodulatory dopamine neurons to the striatum, the ... from the motor loop by the source and nature of the cortical input, the division of the striatum and pallidum that process the input, the source of the dopaminergic neurons form the midbrain ...
Long-term Depression - Mechanisms That Weaken Synapses - Striatum
... LTD differ in the two subregions of the striatum ... at corticostriatal medium spiny neuron synapses in the dorsal striatum by a high frequency stimulus coupled with postsynaptic depolarization, coactivation of dopamine D1 ... In the prelimbic cortex of the striatum, three forms or LTD have been established ...
Primate Basal Ganglia System - Striatum - Basal Ganglia Core - Selectivity of Striatal Territories For Targets
... A study of the percentage of striatal axons from the sensorimotor and associative striatum distributed to targets found important differences ...