A state of emergency is a governmental declaration that may suspend some normal functions of the executive, legislative and judicial powers, alert citizens to change their normal behaviors, or order government agencies to implement emergency preparedness plans. It can also be used as a rationale for suspending rights and freedoms, even if guaranteed under the constitution. Such declarations usually come during a time of natural or man made disaster, during periods of civil unrest, or following a declaration of war or situation of international or internal armed conflict. Justitium is its equivalent in Roman law.
In some countries, the state of emergency and its effects on human rights and freedoms and governmental procedure are regulated by the constitution and/or a law that limits the powers that may be invoked. Rights and freedoms may be suspended during an emergency, for instance, freedom of movement, but not non-derogable rights. In many countries it is illegal to modify the emergency law or the constitution during the emergency.
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Other articles related to "state of emergency, state, emergency":
... To face the threat posed by enemies of the state, Arroyo issued Presidential Proclamation 1017 (PP 1017) and used it as basis in declaring a state of emergency throughout the ... said that the guidelines were necessary in order to cope with the emergency situation ... The state of emergency existed for about one week with the purpose of curbing further violence, illegal rallies, and public disturbance throughout the Philippines ...
... made by the MCP and the colonial government that led to the Emergency have been studied by scholars ... The notion that the declaration of a state of emergency on 16 June 1948 was a hurried response by the government to a carefully planned surprise attack sprung upon it by the MCP ... government, beginning in late 1945 and extending into the "Emergency" years ...
... in 1985, 1986, 1988, and 1990, during the 1985-1990 State of Emergency, which was the government's response to the armed liberation struggle by the African National Congress and others ...
... Egypt had been under a nearly-continuous state of emergency (Martial Law) since 1967 (interrupted for 18 months in 1980-81) the People's Assembly renews it every two to three years ... The state of emergency, expired May 31, 2012 ... Tunisia declared state of emergency (Martial Law) January 2011, following unrest from economic issues ...
Famous quotes containing the words state of, emergency and/or state:
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