A sport utility vehicle (SUV) is a vehicle similar to a station wagon or estate car, usually equipped with four-wheel drive for on- or off-road ability. Some SUVs include the towing capacity of a pickup truck with the passenger-carrying space of a minivan or large sedan.
Since SUVs are considered light trucks in North America, and often share the same platform with pick-up trucks, at one time, they were regulated less strictly than passenger cars under the two laws in the United States, the Energy Policy and Conservation Act for fuel economy, and the Clean Air Act for emissions. Starting in 2004, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) began to hold sport utility vehicles to the same tailpipe emissions standards as cars.
The term is not used in all countries, and outside North America the terms "off-road vehicle", "four-wheel drive" or "four-by-four" (abbreviated to "4WD" or "4×4") or simply use of the brand name to describe the vehicle like "Jeep" or "Land Rover" are more common. Not all SUVs have four-wheel drive capabilities, and not all four-wheel-drive passenger vehicles are SUVs. Although some SUVs have off-road capabilities, they often play only a secondary role, and SUVs often do not have the ability to switch among two-wheel and four-wheel-drive high gearing and four-wheel-drive low gearing. While auto makers tout an SUV's off-road prowess with advertising and naming, the daily use of SUVs is largely on paved roads.
Popular in the late-1990s and early–mid-2000s, SUVs sales have since declined due to high oil prices and a declining economy. The traditional truck-based SUV is gradually being supplanted by the crossover SUV, which uses an automobile platform for lighter weight and better fuel efficiency, as a response to much of the criticism of sport utility vehicles.
Other articles related to "utility, sport utility vehicle, vehicles, utility vehicles, vehicle":
... argued that some of the implications of the Friedman–Savage utility function were paradoxical ... to relate the curvature of an individual's utility function to increases in wealth ... This involved determining an individual's "normal" level of income, controlling for utility gains from "recreational investments" (The psychological utility gained by the ...
... Passenger class vehicles designed for off-road use are known as 'four-wheel drives', '4WDs', or '4×4s' ... (HSV Avalanche XUV or GMC Envoy XUV) or action utility vehicles (AUVs) ... The term 'AWD', or all-wheel drive, is used for any vehicle which drives on all four wheels, but may not be designed for off-road use ...
... in a black sport utility vehicle ... assault with a deadly weapon — the sport utility vehicle ... the Four Seasons Hotel Boston to the Boston Common when the sport utility vehicle drove up ...
... Cambridge economist Joan Robinson famously criticized utility for being a circular concept "Utility is the quality in commodities that makes individuals want to buy them, and ... Another criticism comes from the assertion that neither cardinal nor ordinary utility is empirically observable in the real world ... In the case of cardinal utility it is impossible to measure the level of satisfaction "quantitatively" when someone consumes or purchases an apple ...
... Homology models can also be used to identify subtle differences between related proteins that have not all been solved structurally ... For example, the method was used to identify cation binding sites on the Na+/K+ ATPase and to propose hypotheses about different ATPases' binding affinity ...
Famous quotes containing the words vehicle, sport and/or utility:
“Language is an archeological vehicle ... the language we speak is a whole palimpsest of human effort and history.”
—Russell Hoban (b. 1925)
“Americans living in Latin American countries are often more snobbish than the Latins themselves. The typical American has quite a bit of money by Latin American standards, and he rarely sees a countryman who doesnt. An American businessman who would think nothing of being seen in a sport shirt on the streets of his home town will be shocked and offended at a suggestion that he appear in Rio de Janeiro, for instance, in anything but a coat and tie.”
—Hunter S. Thompson (b. 1939)
“Moral sensibilities are nowadays at such cross-purposes that to one man a morality is proved by its utility, while to another its utility refutes it.”
—Friedrich Nietzsche (18441900)