Spencer Bonaventure Tracy (April 5, 1900 – June 10, 1967) was an American actor. Respected for his natural style and versatility, Tracy was one of the major stars of Hollywood's Golden Age. In a screen career that spanned 37 years, he was nominated for nine Academy Awards for Best Actor and won two, sharing the record for nominations in this category with Laurence Olivier.
Tracy discovered his talent for acting while attending Ripon College, and later received a scholarship for the American Academy of Dramatic Arts. He spent seven years in the theatre, working in a succession of stock companies and intermittently on Broadway. Tracy's breakthrough came in 1930, when his lead performance in The Last Mile caught the attention of Hollywood. After a successful film debut in Up the River, Tracy was signed to a contract with Fox Film Corporation. His five years with Fox were unremarkable, and he remained largely unknown to audiences after 25 films. In 1935, Tracy joined Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Hollywood's most prestigious studio. His career flourished with a series of hit films, and in 1937 and 1938 he won consecutive Oscars for Captains Courageous and Boys Town. By the 1940s, Tracy was one of the studio's top stars. In 1942 he appeared with Katharine Hepburn in Woman of the Year, beginning a popular partnership that produced nine movies over 25 years.
Tracy left MGM in 1955 and continued to work regularly as a freelance star, despite an increasing weariness as he aged. His personal life was troubled, with a lifelong-struggle against alcoholism and guilt over his son's deafness. Tracy became estranged from his wife in the 1930s but never divorced, conducting a long-term relationship with Katharine Hepburn in private. Tracy worked almost exclusively for director Stanley Kramer in the 1960s. It was for Kramer that he made his last film, Guess Who's Coming to Dinner (1967), completed 17 days before Tracy's death. During his career, Tracy appeared in 75 films and developed a reputation among his peers as one of the screen's greatest actors. In 1999, the American Film Institute ranked Tracy as one of the top ten Hollywood legends.
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... Young and Robert Cummings Adam's Rib, directed by George Cukor, starring Spencer Tracy, Katharine Hepburn, David Wayne, Tom Ewell, Judy Holliday The ... Davis Edward, My Son, directed by George Cukor, starring Spencer Tracy and Deborah Kerr Easy Living, starring Victor Mature and Lucille Ball The Emperor of Capri (L'imperatore ... Mansion), starring Ashok Kumar and Madhubala - (India) Malaya, starring Spencer Tracy and James Stewart Manon, directed by Henri-Georges Clouzot - (France) The ...
... Superlative Best Actor Best Supporting Actor Overall Actor with most awards Spencer Tracy Fredric March Gary Cooper Marlon Brando Dustin Hoffman Tom Hanks Jack Nicholson Daniel Day-Lewis ... In chronological order, they are Spencer Tracy (1937, 1938), Fredric March (1932, 1946), Gary Cooper (1941, 1952), Marlon Brando (1954, 1972), Dustin Hoffman (1979, 1988 ... Tracy and Hanks were the only actors to win their awards in consecutive years ...
... Spencer Tracy is the self-titled debut album by Spencer Tracy, released in August 2003 ... Kingsmill wrote in The Music Network "I championed Spencer Tracy a little bit around here because I was so surprised by it ...
... Dark Sheila Mason James Flood Cary Grant Whipsaw Vivian Palmer Sam Wood Spencer Tracy 1936 Wife vs ... Allenbury Jack Conway Jean Harlow, William Powell, Spencer Tracy After the Thin Man Nora Charles W.S ... Pidgeon Test Pilot Ann Barton Victor Fleming Clark Gable, Spencer Tracy Too Hot to Handle Alma Harding Jack Conway Clark Gable, Walter Pidgeon Another Romance of Celluloid ...
Famous quotes containing the words tracy and/or spencer:
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—Christine Zajac, U.S. fifth-grade teacher. As quoted in Among Schoolchildren, September section, part 1, by Tracy Kidder (1989)
“Can a woman become a genius of the first class? Nobody can know unless women in general shall have equal opportunity with men in education, in vocational choice, and in social welcome of their best intellectual work for a number of generations.”
—Anna Garlin Spencer (18511931)