Spanish has five vowels /i/, /e/, /a/, /o/ and /u/. Each occurs in both stressed and unstressed syllables:
|piso||'I step'||pisó||'s/he stepped'|
|peso||'I weigh'||pesó||'s/he weighed'|
|paso||'I pass'||pasó||'s/he passed'|
|poso||'I pose'||posó||'s/he posed'|
|pujo||'I bid' (present tense)||pujó||'s/he bid'|
Nevertheless, there are some distributional gaps or rarities. For instance, an unstressed high vowel in the final syllable of a word is rare.
Phonetic nasalization occurs for vowels occurring between nasal consonants or when preceding a syllable-final nasal, e.g. cinco ('five').
Arguably, Eastern Andalusian and Murcian Spanish have ten phonemic vowels, with each of the above vowels paired by a lowered (or fronted) and lengthened version, e.g. la madre 'the mother' vs. las madres 'the mothers'. However, these are more commonly analyzed as allophones triggered by an underlying /s/ that is subsequently deleted.
Read more about this topic: Spanish Phonology
Other articles related to "vowels, vowel":
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... have nasal allophones such as before nasal vowels ... There are seven vowels, /i e ɛ a ɔ o u/, all of which may be long or nasal, and three tones ... being maximally CVV, where VV is either a long vowel or /i, u/ plus a different oral or nasal vowel Labial Labiodental Alveolar Palatal Velar Labio-velar Glottal Nasal m Plosive p b t d k ɡ k͡p ɡ͡b Fricative f ...
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