Spanish and Portuguese Jews - Liturgy

Liturgy

Although all Sephardic liturgies are similar, each group has its own distinct liturgy. Many of these differences are a product of the syncretization of the Spanish liturgy and the liturgies of the local communities where Spanish exiles settled. Other differences are the result of earlier regional variations in liturgy from pre-expulsion Spain. Moses Gaster (died 1939, Hakham of the S&P Jews of Great Britain) has shown that the order of prayers used by Spanish and Portuguese Jews has its origin in the Castilian liturgy of Pre-Expulsion Spain.

As compared with other Sephardic groups, the minhag of the Spanish and Portuguese Jews is characterised by a relatively low number of cabbalistic additions. The Friday night service thus traditionally starts with Psalm 29, “Mizmor leDavid: Habu LaA.”. In the printed siddurim of the mid-17th century, “Lekhah Dodi” and the Mishnaic passage Bammeh madlikin are also not yet included, but these are included in all newer siddurim of the tradition except for the early West London and Mickve Israel (Savannah) Reform prayerbooks, both of which have Spanish and Portuguese roots.

Of other, less conspicuous, elements, a number of archaic forms can be mentioned—including some similarities with the Italian and Western Ashkenazi traditions. Such elements include the shorter form of the Birkat hammazon which can be found in the older Amsterdam and Hamburg/Scandinavian traditions. The Livorno (Leghorn) tradition, however, includes many of the cabbalistic additions found in most other Sephardi traditions. The current London minhag is generally close to the Amsterdam minhag, but follows the Livorno tradition in some details—most notably in the Birkat hammazon.

One interesting feature of the tradition (at least in New York and Philadelphia) is that, when reading the haftarah on Simhat Torah and Shabbat Bereshit, the Hatan Torah and Hatan Bereshit chant two extra verses pertaining to bridegrooms from Isaiah 61:10 and 62:5 at the end of the standard haftarot for the days themselves. This seems to be a unique remnant of the old tradition of reading Isaiah 61:10-63:9 if a bridegroom who had been married the previous week was present in synagogue.

Read more about this topic:  Spanish And Portuguese Jews

Other articles related to "liturgy":

Sam Seamans - Ministry - Episcopal Priest Controversy
... notice by exposing an All Saints Day liturgy used by an Episcopal priest in Harrison, Arkansas ... The liturgy "Praises Mohammed, Vishnu, Buddha, Confucius..." with the Celebrant stating "All you Hindu saints we praise you for holy are you...All you Buddhist saints, we praise you for ...
Liturgy - Christianity
... form of Quaker worship, sometimes referred to as "the liturgy of silence." Typically in Christianity, however, the term "the liturgy" normally refers to a standardized order of events observed during a religious ... In the Catholic tradition, liturgy is considered to mean the participation of the people in the work of God and in the liturgy Jesus Christ is considered to continue the work of redemption in union with his ... The term "liturgy" can also be used as a precise term that distinguishes between those religious groups who believe their ritual requires the "people" to do the "work" of responding to the priest, and those ...
Liturgical Book - Armenian
... containing the variable hymns of the Liturgy), the Book of Hours (containing the Divine Office and, generally, the deacon's part of the Liturgy), the Book of Canticles (containing the hymns of the ... There are many extracts from them, especially from the Liturgy ...
Margaret Barker - Temple Theology
... that endured beyond Josiah's reform and survived in both early Christian theology and liturgy and in gnosticism ... This idea is related to the Resurrection the main aim of the liturgy, and in particular of the Day of Atonement, was to maintain the Creation ... The early Christian liturgy incorporated many elements of the First Temple Liturgy the liturgy of the bread of the Eucharist traces its roots in the ...

Famous quotes containing the word liturgy:

    My liturgy would employ
    Images of sousing,
    A furious devout drench....
    Philip Larkin (1922–1986)

    You never see animals going through the absurd and often horrible fooleries of magic and religion.... Dogs do not ritually urinate in the hope of persuading heaven to do the same and send down rain. Asses do not bray a liturgy to cloudless skies. Nor do cats attempt, by abstinence from cat’s meat, to wheedle the feline spirits into benevolence. Only man behaves with such gratuitous folly. It is the price he has to pay for being intelligent but not, as yet, quite intelligent enough.
    Aldous Huxley (1894–1963)