Soviet Annexation of Western Ukraine, 1939–1940 - Soviet Policies in The Annexed Territories - Land Reform

Land Reform

In the annexed territories, over 50 percent of the land had belonged to Polish or Romanian landlords while approximately 75% of the Ukrainian peasants owned less than two hectares of land per household. Starting in 1939 lands not owned by the peasants were seized and slightly less than half of them were distributed to landless peasants free of charge; the rest were given to new collective farms. The Soviet authorities then began taking land from the peasants themselves and turning it over to collective farms, which affected 13% of western Ukrainian farmland by 1941. This caused the peasants to turn against the Soviet regime.

Read more about this topic:  Soviet Annexation Of Western Ukraine, 1939–1940, Soviet Policies in The Annexed Territories

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