Sokol

Sokol

The Sokol movement (from the Slavic word for falcon) is a youth sport movement and gymnastics organization first founded in Czech region of Austria-Hungary, Prague, in 1862 by Miroslav Tyrš and Jindřich Fügner. Primarily a fitness training center, the Sokol, also through lectures, discussions, and group outings provided what Tyrš viewed as physical, moral, and intellectual training for the nation. This training extended to members of all classes, and eventually to women. The movement also spread across all the regions populated by the Slavic culture in German Empire (Poland (Sokół)), Serbia, Bulgaria, Russian Empire (Poland, Ukraine, Belarus), and the rest of Austria-Hungary such as Slovenia and Croatia. In many of these nations, the organization also served as an early precursor to the Scouting movements. Though officially an institution "above politics", the Sokol played an important part in the development of Czech nationalism, providing a forum for the spread of mass-based nationalist ideologies. The articles published in the Sokol journal, lectures held in the Sokol libraries, and theatrical performances at the massive gymnastic festivals called Slets (Czech plural: slety- meaning "meetings of birds" from the verb "slétnout se" - come together by flying) helped to craft and disseminate the Czech nationalist mythology and version of history.

Read more about Sokol:  Early History, 1860s and 1870s: Initial Growth, Militarization, and Internal Problems, 1880s: Slets, Union, and The French, 1890s: The Progressive Era, 1900–1914: Competitors and Neo-Slavism, World War I To Communism: Continued Struggle of Czech Nationalism, Sokol Abroad, Expansion, Quotations

Other articles related to "sokol, sokols":

Slet (sporting Event) - 1900–1914: Competitors and Neo-Slavism
... Parties in the political arena played out in Sokol politics as well as national ones ... Most Sokol leaders aligned with the Czech National Socialists after the decline of the Young Czech party, and attacked the Social Democrats as “Germans” and “Jews” opposed to the true Czech cause ... Most of the progressive members of the Sokols were purged or left voluntarily to join the DTJ ...
Slet (sporting Event) - External Links
... eská obec sokolská – official webpage of the Czech Sokol Community (Czech) (English) Slovak Catholic Sokol – official webpage of the largest active Slovak Sokols in USA ...
Slet (sporting Event) - See Also
... Sokol in Poland Sokol Auditorium Sokol Pavilion Pan-Slavism Mass games. ...
Sokol Plant
... Sokol plant (Russian Авиастроительный завод «Сокол», Aviastroitelny zavod Sokol, i.e ... 'Sokol Aircraft-Building Plant') is a manufacturer of MiG fighters, based in Nizhny Novgorod ... To help financing, Sokol diversified after the Cold War and during the financially desperate 1990s in Russia ...
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