Sociology of language focuses on the language's effect on the society. It is closely related to the field of sociolinguistics, which focuses on the effect of the society on the language. One of its longest and most prolific proponents is Joshua Fishman, who among other major contributions, founded (and still edits) the International Journal of the Sociology of Language. Sociology of language studies society in relation to language whereas Sociolinguistics studies language in relation to society. For the former, society is the object of study, whereas, for the latter, language is the object of study. The basic idea is that language reflects, amongst several other things, attitudes that speakers want to exchange or that just get reflected through language use. These attitudes of the speakers is the sociologist's information.
A sociology of language would seek to understand the way that social dynamics are affected by individual and group language use. It would have to do with who is 'authorized' to use what language, with whom and under what conditions. It would have to do with how an individual or group identity is established by the language that they have available for them to use. It would seek to understand individual expression, one's (libidinal) investment in the linguistic tools that one has access to in order to bring oneself to other people.
Other articles related to "sociology of, sociology":
... Sociology of literature is a subfield of sociology of culture ... None of the founding fathers of sociology produced a detailed study of literature, but they did develop ideas that were subsequently applied to literature by others ... Durkheim's view of sociology as the study of externally-defined social facts was redirected towards literature by Robert Escarpit ...
... ranked journals in the field of general sociology are Sociological Perspectives, the American Sociological Review, the American Journal of Sociology, the British Journal of Sociology, and Sociology ...
... Sociology is the scientific study of human society and its origins, development, organizations, and institutions ... The traditional focuses of sociology include social stratification, social class, culture, race and ethnicity, gender and sexuality, social mobility, religion, secularization, law, and deviance ... activity are affected by the interplay between social structure and individual agency, sociology has gradually expanded its focus to further subjects, such as health, medical, military and penal institutions ...
Famous quotes containing the words sociology of, language and/or sociology:
“Parenting, as an unpaid occupation outside the world of public power, entails lower status, less power, and less control of resources than paid work.”
—Nancy Chodorow, U.S. professor, and sociologist. The Reproduction of Mothering Psychoanalysis and the Sociology of Gender, ch. 2 (1978)
“Was there a little time between the invention of language and the coming of true and false?”
—Mason Cooley (b. 1927)
“Living in cities is an art, and we need the vocabulary of art, of style, to describe the peculiar relationship between man and material that exists in the continual creative play of urban living. The city as we imagine it, then, soft city of illusion, myth, aspiration, and nightmare, is as real, maybe more real, than the hard city one can locate on maps in statistics, in monographs on urban sociology and demography and architecture.”
—Jonathan Raban (b. 1942)