Functionalism aims only toward a general perspective from which to conduct social science. Methodologically, its principles generally contrast those approaches that emphasize the "micro", such as interpretivism or symbolic interactionism. Its emphasis on "cohesive systems", however, also holds political ramifications. Functionalist theories are often therefore contrasted with "conflict theories" which critique the overarching socio-political system or emphasize the inequality of particular groups. The works of Durkheim and Marx epitomize the political, as well as theoretical, disparities, between functionalist and conflict thought respectively:
To aim for a civilization beyond that made possible by the nexus of the surrounding environment will result in unloosing sickness into the very society we live in. Collective activity cannot be encouraged beyond the point set by the condition of the social organism without undermining health.
— Émile Durkheim The Division of Labor in Society 1893,
The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles. Freeman and slave, patrician and plebeian, lord and serf, guild-master and journeyman, in a word, oppressor and oppressed, stood in constant opposition to one another, carried on an uninterrupted, now hidden, now open fight, a fight that each time ended, either in a revolutionary re-constitution of society at large, or in the common ruin of the contending classes.
— Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels The Communist Manifesto 1848,
Other articles related to "conflict theory, conflict, theory":
... Science historian Ronald Numbers suggests the conflict theory lingers in a popular belief, inclusive of scientists and clerics alike, that history reflects an intrinsic and inevitable anti-intellectual conflict ... propose that mass media is partly responsible for popularizing conflict theory, most notably the Flat-earth myth that prior to Columbus people ... gives the following as mistakes arising from conflict theory that have gained widespread currency "the Church prohibited autopsies and dissections during the ...
... Conflict theory is most commonly associated with Marxism, but as a reaction to functionalism and the positivist method may also be associated with number of other perspectives ... Postmodern theory An approach that is critical of modernism, with a mistrust of grand theories and ideologies ... Post-structural theory Postcolonial theory Queer theory A growing body of research findings that challenges the heterosexual bias in Western society ...
... for being unable to account for social change, or for structural contradictions and conflict (and thus was often called "consensus theory") ... Also, it ignores inequalities including race, gender, class, which causes tension and conflict ... of change, has already been articulated above, concluding that while Parsons’ theory allows for change, it is an orderly process of change, a moving ...
... Realistic conflict theory (initialed RCT), also known as realistic group conflict theory (initialed RGCT), is a social psychological model of intergroup conflict ... The theory explains how intergroup hostility can arise as a result of conflicting goals and competition over limited resources as well as offers an explanation for the feelings of prejudice and ... group achieving the limited resource first) The length and severity of the conflict is based upon the perceived value and shortage of the given resource ...
... Further information Conflict theory, Conflict criminology, and Marxist criminology Conflict theory is considered "one of the most popular theoretical frameworks among race and ... Rather than one monolithic theory, conflict theory represents a group of closely related theories which operate on a common set of fundamental assumptions ... As a general theory of criminal behavior, conflict theory proposes that crime is an inevitable consequence of the conflict which arises between ...
Famous quotes containing the words theory and/or conflict:
“Hygiene is the corruption of medicine by morality. It is impossible to find a hygienest who does not debase his theory of the healthful with a theory of the virtuous.... The true aim of medicine is not to make men virtuous; it is to safeguard and rescue them from the consequences of their vices.”
—H.L. (Henry Lewis)
“If work and leisure are soon to be subordinated to this one utopian principleabsolute busynessthen utopia and melancholy will come to coincide: an age without conflict will dawn, perpetually busyand without consciousness.”
—Günther Grass (b. 1927)