Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia - Legacy


The present-day states which succeeded Yugoslavia are still today sometimes collectively referred to as the former Yugoslavia. These countries are, listed geographically from northwest to southeast:

  • Slovenia (since 1991)
  • Croatia (since 1991)
  • Macedonia (since 1991)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina (since 1992)
  • Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) (1992 to 2006)
    • Montenegro (since 2006)
    • Serbia (since 2006)
    • Kosovo (since 2008)

They are also sometimes referred to as the "Yugosphere", or shortened as Ex Yu, ExYu or Ex-Yu. Remembrance of the time of the joint state and its perceived positive attributes is referred to as Yugo-nostalgia (Jugonostalgija). People who identify with the former Yugoslav state may self-identify as Yugoslavs.

All of the successor states have decided to join the European Union, and Slovenia is the only country of the former Yugoslavia in the EU as of 2004, while Croatia is joining in 2013. Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia are official candidates, while Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo have not submitted an application but are nevertheless recognized as "potential candidates" for a possible future enlargement of the European Union. All states of the former Yugoslavia, with the exception of Kosovo, have subscribed to the Stabilisation and Association Process with the EU. EULEX (European Union Rule of Law Mission in Kosovo) is a deployment of EU police and civilian resources to Kosovo in an attempt to restore rule of law and combat the widespread organized crime.

Net population growth over the two decades between 1991 and 2011 was thus practically zero (below 0.1% p.a. on average). Broken down by territory:

Republic/province/country 1991 2011 growth rate
p.a. (avg)
growth rate
(2011 est.)
Bosnia and Herzegovina 4,377,000 4,622,000 +0.18% +0.01%
Croatia 4,784,000 4,484,000 -0.22% -0.08%
Macedonia 2,034,000 2,077,000 +0.07% +0.25%
Montenegro 615,000 662,000 +0.25% -0.71%
Kosovo 1,956,000 1,826,000 -0.23% N/A
Serbia 7,579,000 7,310,000 -0.12% -0.47%
Slovenia 1,913,000 2,000,000 +0.15% -0.16%
total 22,400,000 23,000,000 +0.09% N/A
Source: The CIA Factbook estimates for the successor states, as of July 2011

The successor states of Yugoslavia continue to have a population growth rate that is close to zero or negative. This is mostly due to emigration, which intensified during and after the Yugoslav Wars, during the 1990s to 2000s. Of an estimated 2.5 million refugees created by the Yugoslav Wars, more than a million resettled in Canada. Close to 120,000 refugees from former Yugoslavia were registered in the United States during 1991 to 2002, and 67,000 migrants from the former Yugoslavia were registered in Canada during 1991 to 2001.

Read more about this topic:  Socialist Federal Republic Of Yugoslavia

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Famous quotes containing the word legacy:

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