Social Action (Azione Sociale, AS), previously known as Freedom of Action (Libertà d'Azione, LdA), was a national-conservative political party in Italy, founded and led by maverick politician Alessandra Mussolini, who is the granddaughter of Benito Mussolini. It is currently a faction within Silvio Berlusconi's People of Freedom political party.
Mussolini, who had been a member of the National Alliance (AN) since its foundation, suddenly left that party on 28 November 2003, following the visit of party leader and the Deputy Prime Minister Gianfranco Fini to Israel, where he described fascism as "the absolute evil" as he apologised for Italy's role as an Axis Power during the Second World War. Mussolini however defended the right of Israel to exist and declared that the world "should beg forgiveness of Israel".
Mussolini then formed her party and organized a far right coalition named Social Alternative. That was a surprising move, as Mussolini, during her political career, had always taken progressive stances on many issues, including abortion, artificial insemination, gay rights and civil unions. She has been an outspoken "feminist". and has been described by conservative commentators as a "socialist" and a "left-winger"
The coalition was disbanded after the 2006 general election and by 2007 the party was almost disbanded as most of its original members returned to National Alliance. Mussolini herself re-approached with Fini and was preparing her re-entry in AN when Silvio Berlusconi launched The People of Freedom (PdL). Mussolini decided to merge what remained of Social Action into the new party and was elected in the 2008 general election as part of it. In October 2012, the balance of accounts of the People of Freedom showed that Social Action had received € 100,000 of financial support from PdL.
Within the PdL Mussolini soon became the leader of the "pro-immigrant" wing of the party, often opposing some of the policies of Berlusconi government or taking an independent line from it.
Other articles related to "social action, social":
... government as Director of Promotion at the Ministry of Social Action, then becoming subsecretary of social action in the same ministry ... From 1991 he worked as Director of the Institute of Financial Assistance at the Social Action Ministry ...
... There are close to twenty social funds in Africa, including in Angola (FAS), Burundi - Fonds social de développement (FSD), Benin - Fonds social de développement (FSD), Eritrea, Ethiopia - Ethiopian Social ... (TASAF), Zambia - Zambia Social Investment Fund (Zamsif), and Zimbabwe - Social Development Fund (SDF) ...
... Reactions against social empiricism began when German philosopher Hegel voiced opposition to both empiricism, which he rejected as uncritical, and determinism, which he viewed as overly mechanistic ... Early hermeneuticians such as Wilhelm Dilthey pioneered the distinction between natural and social science ('Geisteswissenschaft') ... and human scientists further theorized how the analysis of the social world differs to that of the natural world due to the irreducibly complex ...
... The Social Action Party was formed by the more liberal members of the Democrat Party in 1974 under the leadership of Kukrit Pramoj ... In December 1990, along with the Democratic Party, the Social Action Party withdrew entirely from Chatichai's government coalition, though it later rejoined Suchinda Kraprayoon's government in April 1992 ... members, including former leader Suwit Khunkitti, left Social Action for the Thai Rak Thai party ...
Famous quotes containing the words action and/or social:
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