Sleep Medicine

Sleep medicine is a medical specialty or subspecialty devoted to the diagnosis and therapy of sleep disturbances and disorders. From the middle of the 20th century, research has provided increasing knowledge and answered many questions about sleep-wake functioning. The rapidly evolving field has become a recognized medical subspecialty in some countries. Dental sleep medicine also qualifies for board certification in some countries. Properly organized, minimum 12-month, postgraduate training programs are still being defined in the United States. In some countries, the sleep researchers and the physicians who treat patients may be the same people.

The first sleep clinics in the United States were established in the 1970s by interested physicians and technicians; the study, diagnosis and treatment of obstructive sleep apnea were their first tasks. As late as 1999, virtually any American physician, with no specific training in sleep medicine, could open a sleep laboratory.

Disorders and disturbances of sleep are widespread and can have significant consequences for affected individuals as well as economic and other consequences for society. The US National Transportation Safety Board has, according to Dr. Charles Czeisler, member of the Institute of Medicine and Director of the Harvard University Medical School Division of Sleep Medicine at Brigham and Women's Hospital, discovered that the leading cause of fatal-to-the-driver heavy truck crashes is fatigue-related (fatigue – 31%, alcohol and other drug use – 29%), and sleep deprivation has been a significant factor in dramatic accidents, such as the Exxon Valdez oil spill, the nuclear incidents at Chernobyl and Three Mile Island and the explosion of the space shuttle Challenger.

Read more about Sleep MedicineScope and Classification, History, Diagnostic Methods, Treatments, See Also

Other articles related to "sleep medicine, sleep, medicine":

Sleep Medicine - See Also
... International Classification of Sleep Disorders National Sleep Foundation Environmental noise health effects Polysomnography Polysomnographic technician Reversed vegetative symptoms ...
American Academy Of Sleep Medicine - Publications
... The latest findings in sleep medicine are published in two peer-reviewed scientific journals by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine ... The Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine is the official publication of the AASM ... the journal features clinical reviews, case studies and opinion pieces from prominent sleep researchers ...
Surgical Specialities - List of North American Medical Specialities and Others
... covers all the sub-specialties) Anesthesia Cardiology Medicine Disease of the cardiovascular system Cardiovascular surgery Surgery The operation of heart and major blood vessels of ... Clinical laboratory sciences Diagnostic Transfusion medicine is concerned with the transfusion of blood and blood component, including the maintenance of a "blood bank" ... Dermatology D, DS Medicine Dermatopathology, Mohs Surgery Skin and its appendages (hair, nails, sweat glands etc.) ...
Specialty (medicine) - List of North American Medical Specialities and Others
... Assessment and Care, Generalist (covers all the sub-specialties) Anesthesia Cardiology Medicine Disease of the cardiovascular system Cardiovascular surgery Surgery The operation of heart and ... Clinical laboratory sciences Diagnostic Transfusion medicine is concerned with the transfusion of blood and blood component, including the maintenance of a "blood bank" ... Dermatology D, DS Medicine Dermatopathology, Mohs Surgery Skin and its appendages (hair, nails, sweat glands etc.) ...
David F. Dinges
... Dinges is a major American sleep researcher and teacher ... He is Professor of Psychology in Psychiatry, Chief of the Division of Sleep and Chronobiology in the Department of Psychiatry, and Associate Director of the Center for ... Dinges has served as President of the Sleep Research Society, on the Boards of Directors of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine and the National Sleep Foundation, as President of the World Federation of ...

Famous quotes containing the words medicine and/or sleep:

    After you eat always take a walk, and you’ll never have to go to a medicine shop.
    —Chinese proverb.

    Rhyme.

    ... if a person is to be unconventional, he must be amusing or he is intolerable: for, in the nature of the case, he guarantees you nothing but amusement. He does not guarantee you any of the little amenities by which society has assured itself that, if it must go to sleep, it will at least sleep in a comfortable chair.
    Katharine Fullerton Gerould (1879–1944)