Skye

Skye or the Isle of Skye (/skaɪ/; Scottish Gaelic: An t-Eilean Sgitheanach or Eilean a' Cheò) is the largest and most northerly large island in the Inner Hebrides of Scotland. The island's peninsulas radiate from a mountainous centre dominated by the Cuillins, the rocky slopes of which provide some of the most dramatic mountain scenery in the country. Although it has been suggested that the Gaelic Sgitheanach describes a winged shape there is no definitive agreement as to the name's origins.

The island has been occupied since the Mesolithic period and its history includes a time of Norse rule and a long period of domination by Clan MacLeod and Clan Donald. The 18th-century Jacobite risings led to the breaking up of the clan system and subsequent Clearances that replaced entire communities with sheep farms, some of which also involved forced emigrations to distant lands. Resident numbers declined from over 20,000 in the early 19th century to just under 9,000 by the closing decade of the 20th century. Skye's population increased by 4 per cent between 1991 and 2001. About a third of the residents were Gaelic speakers in 2001, and although their numbers are in decline this aspect of island culture remains important.

The main industries are tourism, agriculture, fishing and whisky-distilling. Skye is part of the Highland Council local government area. The island's largest settlement is Portree, known for its picturesque harbour. There are links to various nearby islands by ferry and, since 1995, to the mainland by a road bridge. The climate is mild, wet and windy. The abundant wildlife includes the golden eagle, red deer and Atlantic salmon. The local flora is dominated by heather moor, and there are nationally important invertebrate populations on the surrounding sea bed. Skye has provided the locations for various novels and feature films and is celebrated in poetry and song.

Read more about SkyeEtymology, Geography, Government and Politics, Economy, Transport, Culture, Media and The Arts, Wildlife, See Also

Other articles related to "skye":

Skye Records
... Skye Records was a music label formed in early 1968 by vibist Cal Tjader, guitarist Gábor Szabó, composer/musician Gary McFarland, and music executive Norman Schwartz ... primarily jazz-oriented, although some Skye artists offered pop, soft-rock, and ambitious orchestral concepts ...
Loch Alsh - History - The Clearances and Later Events
... opened the Kyle of Lochalsh Line, connecting to the Skye ferry ... In 1995 the Skye Bridge across the Kyle of Lochalsh was opened, connecting Skye to the mainland and causing the ferry to close ...
Lampay
... an uninhabited tidal island in Loch Dunvegan, off the northwest coast of the Isle of Skye in Scotland ... It is separated from the "mainland" of Skye by a small sound called An Doirneil ... Skye / An t-Eilean Sgitheanach Main settlements Portree/Port Rìgh Broadford/An t-Àth Leathann Dunvegan/Dùn Bheagain Kyleakin/Caol Acain Uig Crofting townships and settlements Achachork Aird of ...
Lealt, Skye - See Also
... Skye / An t-Eilean Sgitheanach Main settlements Portree/Port Rìgh Broadford/An t-Àth Leathann Dunvegan/Dùn Bheagain Kyleakin/Caol Acain Uig Crofting ...