Skolt Sami Language - Grammar - Verbs - Negative Verb

Negative Verb

Skolt Sami, like Finnish, the other Sámi languages and Estonian, has a negative verb. In Skolt Sami, the negative verb conjugates according to mood (indicative, imperative and optative), person (1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th) and number (singular, dual and plural).

Ind. pres. Imperative Optative sg. du/pl. sg. du/pl. sg. du/pl. 1 jiõm jeäˊp 1 - - 1 ? jeällap jim jep 2 jiõk jeäˊped 2 jieˊl jieˊlled 2 jieˊl jieˊlled jik jeˊped jeˊl jeˊlled jeˊl jeˊlled 3 ij jiâ, jeä, jie 3 - - 3 jeälas jeällaz 4 jeäˊt

Note that ij + leat is usually written as iˊlla, iˊlleäkku, iˊllää or iˊllä and ij + leat is usually written as jeäˊla or jeäˊlä.

Unlike the other Sami languages, Skolt Sami no longer has separate forms for the dual and plural of the negative verb and uses the plural forms for both instead.

Read more about this topic:  Skolt Sami Language, Grammar, Verbs

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