Sigismund (variants: Sigmund, Siegmund) is a German proper name, meaning "protection through victory", from Old High German sigu "victory" + munt "hand, protection". Tacitus Latinises it Segimundus. It looks like there is an older form of the High German word "Sieg" (victory): sigis, obviously Gothic and an inferred Germanic form, and there is a younger form: sigi, which is Old Saxon or Old High German sigu (both from about 9th century). A 5th century Prince of Burgundy was known both as Sigismund and Sigimund (see Ernst Förstemann, Altdeutsche Personennamen, 1906; Henning Kaufmann, Altdeutsche Personennamen, Ergänzungsband,1968).
A Lithuanian name Žygimantas, meaning "wealth of (military) campaign", from Lithuanian žygis "campaign, march" + manta "goods, wealth" has been a substitution of the name Sigismund in the Lithuanian language, from which it was adopted by the Ruthenian language as Жыгімонт (such are the cases of Sigismund Kestutaitis, Sigismund Korybut, Sigismund I the Old, Sigismund II Augustus). The Polish spelling is Zygmunt.
Sigismund was the name of several European nobles:
- Saint Sigismund of Burgundy (died 523), King of the Burgundians
- Sigismund of Hungary, Sigismund of Luxembourg (1368–1437), King of Hungary, Holy Roman Emperor and King of Bohemia
- Sigismund Kestutaitis (c.1350–1440), Grand Duke of Lithuania
- Sigismund Korybut (c.1395-c.1435), Lithuanian Duke, participated in Hussite Wars
- Sigismund, Archduke of Austria (1427–1496), ruler of Further Austria
- Archduke Sigismund Francis of Austria (1630-1665), ruler of Further Austria
- Sigismund of Bavaria (1439–1501), a Duke of Bavaria
- Sigismund I the Old (1467–1548), King of Poland, Grand Duke of Lithuania
- Sigismund II Augustus (1520–1572), King of Poland, Grand Duke of Lithuania
- Sigismund III Vasa (1566–1632), King of Sweden (as Sigismund) and Poland, Grand Duke of Lithuania
- Sigismund Báthory (1572–1613), Prince of Transylvania
- Prince Sigismund of Prussia (1864-1866), the fourth child of Friedrich III, German Emperor and Princess Victoria of the United Kingdom
Sigismund/Siegmund may also refer to fictional characters:
- Segismundo, main character of Calderón de la Barca's La vida es sueño.
- Segismundo, 21st century hero of the dramatic novel "United States of Banana" by Giannina Braschi, based on Calderón de la Barca's Life is a Dream.
- Sigismund, a character from the Warhammer 40,000 game series, First Captain of the Imperial Fists Legion and later founder and first High Marshall of the Black Templars Chapter
- Sigismund (bell), a famous bell in the Wawel Cathedral in Kraków, cast in 1520
- Siegmund, a focal character in Richard Wagner's Die Walküre
- Wilhelm Gottsreich Sigismond von Ormstein, Grand Duke of Cassel-Felstein, fictional King of Bohemia in "A Scandal in Bohemia" (Sherlock Holmes adventure)
- Sigismund the mad maths teacher, a character in the Nigel Molesworth school stories
Other articles related to "sigismund":
... During the reign of Sigismund I the Old and Sigismund II Augustus, the castle was enlarged ... The Sigismund the Old's cornerstone preserved above the entrance on the east side of the array ... It bears the date 1520 and a cartouche with Sigismund's eagle ...
... Sigismund was the Imperial Fists 1st Company Captain, later the Emperor's Champion, and finally High Marshall of the Black Templars ... He is occasionally the butt of the joke, with Rogal Dorn saying, "Do not hit Sigismund ... He breaks fairly easily." Sigismund is present at the time of Curze's attack of Rogal Dorn ...
... King Sigismund had earlier been crowned the rightful king of Sweden after giving assurances that he would not act to aid the Catholic cause in Sweden during those late ... to manage the Swedish situation from afar, Sigismund invaded with a mercenary army after receiving permission from the Polish legislature, and initially was successful ... on 25 September 1598, also known as the Battle of Linköping, where Sigismund got trapped in an unfavourable position and had to agree to a truce with Charles ...
... of Poland and Grand Duchess of Lithuania as the first wife of king of Poland Sigismund I the Old ... After her death, Sigismund ordered the construction of the Sigismund's Chapel at Wawel Castle, where she was buried ...