Siege of Akragas (406 BC) - Nature of Opposing Forces - Greek Forces

Greek Forces

The mainstay of the Greek army was the Hoplite, drawn mainly from the citizens, but a large number of mercenaries from Italy and Greece as well. Sicels and other native Sicilians also served in the army as hoplites and also supplied peltasts, and a number of Campanians, probably equipped like Samnite or Etruscan warriors, were present as well. The Phalanx was the standard fighting formation of the army. The cavalry was recruited from wealthier citizens and hired mercenaries.In a siege situation, old men and women could serve as impromptu peltasts. Large Sicilian cities like Syracuse and Akragas could field up to 10,000 – 20,000 citizens, augmented by mercenaries or freed slaves whenever needed. There is no mention of an Akragan navy, but the relief force contained had 30 triremes.


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