Sideground IP

In the context of research and development (R&D) collaborations, background, foreground, sideground and postground intellectual property (IP) are four distinct forms of intellectual property assets. "Background IP" is generated before the R&D collaboration, "foreground IP" is generated during the R&D collaboration, "postground IP" is generated in a certain time span after the collaboration, and "sideground IP" is generated during the collaboration phase but in not-project related activities.