Shurugwi District is located in Midlands Province, southern Zimbabwe. It is an important centre for gold and chrome mining, but it is perhaps best known as the home district of the former Rhodesian Prime Minister Ian Douglas Smith who owned a farm near Gwenoro Dam. Its principal town is also called Shurugwi.It is located about 30 kilometres from the Midlands Provincial capital Gweru.Shurugwi District encompasses much of the rural areas of Nhema and some parts of Chivi.The district has seen a resurgence of mining activities after the discovery of platinum at Unki which lies a few kilometres just after the Wolfshall Pass(Boterekwa).This has seen the establishment of a large mining complex by Implats(Impala Platinum)and the refurbishing of houses which used to belong to the old Zimasco employees.
Shurugwi district is predominantly occupied by the Karanga ethnic people who form the majority of the population but there are other minorities like Ndebele speaking people in the Rockford small scale purchase farms and the Dlodlo area.Other ethnic people are the few remaining ex-employees of Zimasco who are predominantly of Malawian extraction.
The region is dominated by the Great Dyke which dissects it in the middle.Much of the other areas are made up of poor sandy soils which support subsistence agriculture.
Politically Shurugwi district saw a lot of fighting between Zimbabwe African National Liberation Army fighters and Rhodesian forces which led to significant deaths among the civilian population. It has remained a predominantly ZANUPF stronghold since independence.
Shurugwi has not escaped the scourge of the AIDS pandemic with many of its youthful people succumbing to the deadly virus.
Shurugwi boasts several higher education instistutions like Hanke Mission,Tongogara High School and Pakame Mission whih date back many years.It has a significant number of highly educated professionals like lawyers,doctors,accountants and others.
Famous quotes containing the word district:
“Most works of art, like most wines, ought to be consumed in the district of their fabrication.”
—Rebecca West (18921983)