Security Sector Reform

Security Sector Reform (SSR) is a concept that first emerged in the 1990s in Eastern Europe. Though there is no single globally accepted definition, SSR generally refers to a process to reform or rebuild a state's security sector. It responds to a situation in which a dysfunctional security sector is unable to provide security to the state and its people effectively and under democratic principles. In some cases, the security sector can itself be a source of widespread insecurity due to discriminatory and abusive policies or practices. In this respect, an unreformed or misconstructed security sector represents a decisive obstacle to the promotion of sustainable development, democracy and peace. SSR processes therefore seek to enhance the delivery of effective and efficient security and justice services, by security sector institutions that are accountable to the state and its people, and operate within a framework of democratic governance, without discrimination and with full respect for human rights and the rule of law.

SSR efforts target all state institutions and other entities with a role in ensuring the security of the state and its people, including: armed forces; law enforcement and intelligence services; institutions responsible for border management and customs services; justice and penal institutions; and actors that play a role in managing and overseeing the design and implementation of security, such as ministries, parliaments, ombudspersons, human rights commissions and civil society organisations. In some contexts, it also addresses non-state armed groups and/or private security and military companies.

SSR is both an operational as well as a normative concept. Featuring norms such as good governance, civilian oversight and the rule of law among its defining characteristics, its inclusion as a necessary component of international policies addressing post-conflict situations is becoming more and more commonplace. As such, SSR can be seen as a branch of an increasing international effort to secure human security.

Read more about Security Sector Reform:  Country Contexts, Approach, Instruments, Effect, See Also

Other articles related to "sector, sectors, security, security sector reform":

XFAT - Technical Design - Directory Table - Directory Entry
... the partition volume label instead, if a EBPB is present in the boot sector (not present with some non-bootable block device drivers, and possibly not writeable with ... the same feature in various other operating systems, see offset 0x0D if enabled in MSX boot sectors at sector offset 0x026 ... DR DOS 6.0 and higher with multi-user security enabled use this field to store owner IDs ...
File Allocation Table - Technical Design - Directory Table - Directory Entry
... to display the partition volume label instead, if a EBPB is present in the boot sector (not present with some non-bootable block device drivers, and possibly not writeable with boot sector write protection) ... operating systems, see offset 0x0D if enabled in MSX boot sectors at sector offset 0x026 ... OS, 4690 OS, Multiuser DOS, System Manager, REAL/32 and DR DOS 6.0 and higher with multi-user security enabled use this field to store owner IDs ...
Security Sector Reform - See Also
... Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces International security National security ...
Common Security And Defence Policy Missions Of The European Union - Ongoing Operations
... Africa European Union Security Sector Reform Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (EUSEC RD Congo), 8 June 2005– The European Union mission is to provide advice and assistance for security ... Somalia, in Uganda, May 2010- To strengthen the Somalia security forces and to contribute to the stabilisation of Somalia ... Support (EUPOL COPPS), 1 January 2006– EU support to the Palestinian civil police, security sector reform and criminal justice ...

Famous quotes containing the words reform and/or security:

    Undoubtedly if we were to reform this outward life truly and thoroughly, we should find no duty of the inner omitted. It would be employment for our whole nature.... But a moral reform must take place first, and then the necessity of the other will be superseded, and we shall sail and plow by its force alone.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)

    The most disgusting cad in the world is the man who, on grounds of decorum and morality, avoids the game of love. He is one who puts his own ease and security above the most laudable of philanthropies.
    —H.L. (Henry Lewis)