Security Agency

A security agency is a governmental organization which conducts intelligence activities for the internal security of a nation. They are the domestic cousins of foreign intelligence agencies, and typically conduct counterintelligence to thwart other countries' foreign intelligence efforts. For example, the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is a security agency, while the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a foreign intelligence agency, which deals with the country's external security and intelligence. A similar relationship exists in Britain between MI5 and MI6.

The distinction, or overlap, between security agencies, national police, and gendarmerie organizations varies by country. For example, in the United States, one organization, the FBI, is a national police, an internal security agency, and a counterintelligence agency. In other countries, separate agencies exist, although the nature of their work causes them to interact. For example, in France, the Police nationale and the Gendarmerie nationale both handle policing duties, and the Direction centrale du renseignement intérieur handles counterintelligence.

Likewise, the distinction, or overlap, between military and civilian security agencies varies between countries. In the United States, the FBI and CIA are civilian agencies, although they have various paramilitary traits and have professional relationships with the U.S.'s military intelligence organizations. In many countries all intelligence efforts answer to the military, whether by official design or at least on a de facto basis. Countries where various military and civilian agencies divide responsibilities tend to reorganize their efforts over the decades to force the various agencies to cooperate more effectively, integrating (or at least coordinating) their efforts with some unified directorate. For example, after many years of turf wars, the member agencies of the U.S. intelligence community are now coordinated by the Director of National Intelligence, with the hope to reduce stovepiping of information.

Security agencies frequently have "security", "intelligence" or "service" in their names. Private organizations that provide services similar to a security agency might be called a "security company" or "security service", but those terms can also be used for organizations that have nothing to do with intelligence gathering.

Read more about Security Agency:  Security Agencies

Other articles related to "security agency, security, agency":

Bad Aibling Station - History
... During the Cold War it was converted by the United States Army Security Agency ("ASA") to a communications monitoring station for American intelligence ... In 1971 the National Security Agency (NSA) and the United States Department of Defense took over command from the U.S ... Simultaneously, the Army Security Agency transferred most of its activities in West Germany from its field stations located at Rothwesten, Bad Aibling and Herzogenaurach to Augsburg ...
Signals Intelligence In The Cold War - US Movement To Centralization in SIGINT
... The situation became a good deal more complex with the passage of the National Security Act of 1947, which created a separate Air Force and Central Intelligence Agency, as ... The Army Security Agency (ASA) had shared the national COMINT mission with the Navy's Communications Supplementary Activity (COMMSUPACT) - which became the Naval Security Group in June 1950 ... Air Force Security Service (AFSS) ...
Slovenian Intelligence And Security Agency
... The Slovenian Intelligence and Security Agency (Slovene Slovenska obveščevalno-varnostna agencija SOVA or Sova, lit ... service in the Republic of Slovenia and as a government agency is subordinated directly to Prime Minister of Slovenia ... The mission of SOVA as the central intelligence and security service in the Republic of Slovenia is to provide for national security ...
Jeff Sharlet (Vietnam Anti-war Activist) - Vietnam Duty
... to Saigon on short notice and transferred to the Army Security Agency’s 3rd Radio Research Unit, Davis Station, named after the first American GI killed in combat during the Vietnam War,3 at Tan Son Nhut Air Base ... Nhut from where it was airlifted to Washington, DC for analysis at the National Security Agency ... Following the quick success of the coup, Sharlet was re-assigned north to Phu Bai,5 an Army Security Agency base just below the 1954 boundary between North and South ...
Security Agency - Security Agencies
... Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Canadian Security Intelligence Service Intelligence Bureau (India) Kaitsepolitsei (Estonian Security Police) Ministry for State Security MI5 (Also known ...

Famous quotes containing the words agency and/or security:

    It is possible that the telephone has been responsible for more business inefficiency than any other agency except laudanum.... In the old days when you wanted to get in touch with a man you wrote a note, sprinkled it with sand, and gave it to a man on horseback. It probably was delivered within half an hour, depending on how big a lunch the horse had had. But in these busy days of rush-rush-rush, it is sometimes a week before you can catch your man on the telephone.
    Robert Benchley (1889–1945)

    In the long course of history, having people who understand your thought is much greater security than another submarine.
    J. William Fulbright (b. 1905)