A second language or L2 is any language learned after the first language or "mother tongue". Some languages, often called auxiliary languages, are used primarily as second languages or lingua francas.
A person's first language is not necessarily their dominant language, the one they use most or are most comfortable with. For example, the Canadian census defines first language for its purposes as "the first language learned in childhood and still spoken", recognizing that for some, the earliest language may be lost, a process known as language attrition. This can happen when young children move, with or without their family (because of immigration or international adoption), to a new language environment.
Other articles related to "second language, language":
... In pedagogy and sociolinguistics, a distinction is often made between 'second language' and foreign language, the latter being learned for use in an area where that language is not ... countries and the Netherlands can be considered a second language for many of its speakers, because they learn it young, speak it fluently, and use it regularly indeed in southern Asia it is the official ... and the Netherlands—French is nominally not an official language in any of these Arabic-speaking countries ...
... Phonetic rules of the native language may influence pronunciation of a second language, including various metaplasms ... is reported for Crimean Tatars speaking Russian language ...
Famous quotes containing the word language:
“One can say of language that it is potentially the only human home, the only dwelling place that cannot be hostile to man.”
—John Berger (b. 1926)