Sea of Azov

The Sea of Azov (Russian: Азо́вское мо́ре, Azovskoye more; ; Ukrainian: Азо́вське мо́ре, Azovs'ke more; Crimean Tatar: Azaq deñizi), known in Classical Antiquity as Lake Maeotis (Μαιώτις in Ancient greek), is a sea on the south of Eastern Europe. It is linked by the narrow (about 4 km) Strait of Kerch to the Black Sea to the south and is bounded in the north by mainland Ukraine, in the east by Russia, and in the west by the Ukraine's Crimean Peninsula. The Don and Kuban are the major rivers that flow into it. The Sea of Azov is the shallowest sea in the world with the depth varying between 0.9 metres (2 ft 11 in) and 14 metres (46 ft). There is a constant outflow of water from the Sea of Azov to the Black Sea.

The sea is largely affected by the inflow of numerous rivers, which bring sand, silt, and shells, forming numerous bays, limans, and narrow sandbanks called spits. Because of these deposits, the sea bottom is relatively smooth and flat with the depth gradually increasing toward the sea centre. Also, due to the river inflow, water in the sea has low salinity and high content of biological matter, such as green algae that affects the water colour. Abundant plankton results in unusually high fish productivity. The sea shores and spits are low; they are rich in vegetation and bird colonies.

Read more about Sea Of AzovHistory and Etymology, Geology and Bathymetry, Coastal Features and Major Population Centres, Climate, Flora and Fauna, Economy and Ecology

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Sea Of Azov - Economy and Ecology
... For centuries, the Sea of Azov has been an important waterway for the transport of goods and passengers ... in 1952 of the Volga–Don Canal which connected the Sea of Azov with the Volga River – the most important riverine transport route in the central Russia – thus connecting major cities such as ... about 1300 tons of fuel oil and about 6800 tons of sulfur entered the sea ...

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