Scottish Gaelic - Writing System - Alphabet

Alphabet

Further information: Scottish Gaelic alphabet

Prehistoric (or Ogham) Irish, the precursor to Old Irish, in turn the precursor to Modern Irish, Scottish Gaelic and Manx, was written in a carved writing called Ogham. Ogham consisted of marks made above or below a horizontal line. With the advent of Christianity in the 5th century the Latin alphabet was introduced to Ireland. The Goidelic languages have historically been part of a dialect continuum stretching from the south of Ireland, the Isle of Man, to the north of Scotland.

The modern Scottish Gaelic alphabet has 18 letters:

A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, L, M, N, O, P, R, S, T, U.

The letter h, now mostly used to indicate lenition of a consonant, was in general not used in the oldest orthography, as lenition was instead indicated with a dot over the lenited consonant. The letters of the alphabet were traditionally named after trees (see Scottish Gaelic alphabet), but this custom has fallen out of use.

Long vowels are either marked with a grave accent (à, è, ì, ò, ù) or are indicated through digraphs (e.g. ao is ) or conditioned by certain consonant environments (e.g. a u preceding a non-intervocalic nn is ). Traditional spelling systems also use the acute accent on the letters á, é and ó to denote a change in vowel quality rather than length, but reform from within the Scottish schools system has abandoned these in parts of Gaelic speaking society.

Certain early sources used only an acute accent along the lines of Irish, particularly in the 18th century sources such as in the writings of Alex MacDonald (1741–51) and the earliest editions (1768–90) of Donnchadh Bán Mac an tSaoir.

Read more about this topic:  Scottish Gaelic, Writing System

Other articles related to "alphabet, alphabets":

Alphabet - Orthography and Pronunciation
... When an alphabet is adopted or developed for use in representing a given language, an orthography generally comes into being, providing rules for the spelling of words in that language ... In accordance with the principle on which alphabets are based, these rules will generally map letters of the alphabet to the phonemes (significant sounds) of the spoken language ... they were not designed for, so the degree to which letters of an alphabet correspond to phonemes of a language varies greatly from one language to another and even within a single language ...
Information Processor - Information Theory Approach
... From the stance of information theory, information is taken as a sequence of symbols from an alphabet, say an input alphabet χ, and an output alphabet ϒ ...
Computable Function - Formal Languages
... An alphabet is an arbitrary set ... A word on an alphabet is a finite sequence of symbols from the alphabet the same symbol may be used more than once ... strings are exactly the words on the alphabet {0, 1} ...
G With Hook
... Ɠ, minuscule ɠ) is a letter of the extended Latin alphabet ... In the International Phonetic Alphabet, it represents the voiced velar implosive ... such as Kpelle or some unofficial orthographies of Fula, and is included in the African reference alphabet ...
Macedonian Alphabet - The Alphabet
... Origins Phoenician alphabet Greek alphabet Latin alphabet Cyrillic script Macedonian Cyrillic alphabet The following table provides the upper and lower ...

Famous quotes containing the word alphabet:

    Roger Thornhill: You’re police, aren’t you. Or is it FBI?
    Professor: FBI, CIA, O–I—we’re all in the same alphabet soup.
    Ernest Lehman (b.1920)

    I believe the alphabet is no longer considered an essential piece of equipment for traveling through life. In my day it was the keystone to knowledge. You learned the alphabet as you learned to count to ten, as you learned “Now I lay me” and the Lord’s Prayer and your father’s and mother’s name and address and telephone number, all in case you were lost.
    Eudora Welty (b. 1909)

    I wonder, Mr. Bone man, what you’re thinking
    of your fury now, gone sour as a sinking whale,
    crawling up the alphabet on her own bones.
    Anne Sexton (1928–1974)