The Legitimacy of Scientology As A Religion
The nature of Scientology is hotly debated in many countries. The Church of Scientology pursues an extensive public relations campaign arguing that Scientology is a bona fide religion. The organization cites a number of studies and experts who support their position. Critics point out that most cited studies were commissioned by Scientology to produce the desired results.
Many countries (including Belgium, Canada, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Israel, Mexico, Russia, the United Kingdom), while not prohibiting or limiting the activities of the Church of Scientology, have rejected its applications for tax-exempt, charitable status or recognition as a religious organization; it has been variously judged to be a commercial enterprise or a dangerous cult.
Scientology is legally accepted as a religion in the United States and Australia, and enjoys the constitutional protections afforded to religious practice in each country. In October 1993, the U.S. Internal Revenue Service recognized the Church as an "organization operated exclusively for religious and charitable purposes." The Church offers the tax exemption as proof that it is a religion. (This subject is examined in the article on the Church of Scientology).
In 1982, the High Court of Australia ruled that the State Government of Victoria lacked the right to declare that the Church of Scientology was not a religion. The Court found the issue of belief to be the central feature of religion, regardless of the presence of charlatanism: Charlatanism is a necessary price of religious freedom, and if a self-proclaimed teacher persuades others to believe in a religion which he propounds, lack of sincerity or integrity on his part is not incompatible with the religious character of the beliefs, practices and observances accepted by his followers."
Other countries to have recognized Scientology as a religion include Spain, Portugal, Italy, Sweden, and New Zealand.
Read more about this topic: Scientology Controversies
Other articles related to "the legitimacy of scientology as a religion, scientology":
... This section requires expansion In the past many critics of Scientology have claimed that they were harassed by frivolous and vexatious lawsuits ... accused of felony charges as she had been framed by the Church of Scientology's Guardian's Office ... A prominent example of litigation of its critics is the Church of Scientology's $416 million dollar libel lawsuit sChurch of Scientology v ...
Famous quotes containing the words religion and/or legitimacy:
“Its almost impossible to deal with a crazy man, except that he does have religious beliefs, and the world of Islam will be damaged if a fanatic like him should commit murder in the name of religion against 60 innocent people.”
—Jimmy Carter (James Earl Carter, Jr.)
“In New Yorkwhose subway trains in particular have been tattooed with a brio and an energy to put our own rude practitioners to shamenot an inch of free space is spared except that of advertisements.... Even the most chronically dispossessed appear prepared to endorse the legitimacy of the haves.”
—Gilbert Adair, British author, critic. Cleaning and Cleansing, Myths and Memories (1986)