Contribution of Iranians and People of Iranian Origin To Modern Science
Scientists with an Iranian background have made significant contributions to the international scientific community. In 1960, Ali Javan invented first gas laser. In 1973, the fuzzy set theory was developed by Lotfi Zadeh. Iranian cardiologist Tofy Mussivand invented the first artificial heart and afterwards developed it further. HbA1c was discovered by Samuel Rahbar and introduced to the medical community. The Vafa-Witten theorem was proposed by Cumrun Vafa, an Iranian string theorist, and his co-worker Edward Witten. The Kardar-Parisi-Zhang (KPZ) equation has been named after Mehran Kardar, notable Iranian physicist. Other notable discoveries and innovations by Iranian scientists and engineers (or of Iranian origin) include:
- Karim Nayernia: discovery of spermatagonial stem cells
- Reza Ghadiri: 1998 Feynman prize for invention of a self-organized replicating molecular system
- Mehdi Vaez-Iravani: invention of shear force microscopy
- Siavash Alamouti and Vahid Tarokh: invention of space–time block code
- Faraneh Vargha-Khadem: discovery of SPCH1, a gene implicated in a severe speech and language disorder
- Shirin Dehghan: 2006 Women in Technology Award
- Nader Engheta, inventor of "invisibility shield" (plasmonic cover) and research leader of the year 2006, Scientific American magazine, and winner of a Guggenheim Fellowship (1999) for "Fractional paradigm of classical electrodynamics"
- Ali Safaeinili: coinventor of Mars Advanced Radar for Subsurface and Ionosphere Sounding (MARSIS)
- Pierre Omidyar: economist, founder and chairman of eBay
- Shahriar Afshar: proposed the Afshar experiment
- Rouzbeh Yassini: inventor of the cable modem
- Homayoun Seraji: most-published author in the 20-year history of the Journal of Robotic Systems (declared in 2007).
- Moslem Bahadori: reported the first case of plasma cell granuloma of the lung.
- Mohammad Abdollahi: The Laureate of IAS-COMSTECH 2005 Prize in the field of Pharmacology and Toxicology and an IAS Fellow. MA is ranked as an International Top 1% outstanding Scientists of the World in the field of Pharmacology & Toxicology according to Essential Science Indicator from USA Thompson Reuters ISI. An award named "Mohammad Abdollahi Prize" has been established by Asian Network for Scientific Information and Science Alert Publishing company and The International Journal of Pharmacology in the recognition of MA efforts in the field of Pharmacology & Toxicology. MA is also known as one of outstanding leading scientists of OIC member countries.
- Maysam Ghovanloo: inventor of Tongue-Drive Wheelchair.
- Mansour Ahmadian and Jila Nazari: Developers of PARS (Parallel Application from Rapid Simulation), which won the IET Innovation award 2008 in software design
- Mohammad-Nabi Sarbolouki, invention of dendrosome
- Shekoufeh Nikfar: The awardee of the top women scientists by TWAS-TWOWS-Scopus in the field of Medicine in 2009.
- Afsaneh Rabiei: inventor of an ultra-strong and lightweight material, known as Composite Metal Foam (CMF).
Read more about this topic: Science And Technology In Iran
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