Sassanid Empire

Sassanid Empire

History of Iran
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The Sassanian Empire or Sassanid Persian Empire (/sæˈseɪniən/, /ˈsæsənɪd/; also spelled Sasanid or Sasanian), known to its inhabitants as Ērānshahr and Ērān in Middle Persian and resulting in the New Persian terms Iranshahr and Iran, was the last pre-Islamic Persian Empire, ruled by the Sasanian Dynasty from 224 CE to 651 CE. The Sassanid Empire, which succeeded the Parthian Empire, was recognized as one of the main powers in Western and Central Asia, alongside the Roman-Byzantine Empire, for a period of more than 400 years.

The Sassanid Empire was founded by Ardashir I, after the fall of the Arsacid Empire and the defeat of the last Arsacid king, Artabanus IV. During its existence, the Sassanid Empire encompassed all of today's Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, eastern Syria, the Caucasus (Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Dagestan), southwestern Central Asia, part of Turkey, certain coastal parts of the Arabian Peninsula, the Persian Gulf area, and some areas of Balochistan (Pakistan). The native name for the Sassanid Empire in Middle Persian is Eran Shahr which means Aryan Empire. According to legend, the vexilloid of the Sassanid Empire was the Derafsh Kaviani. It was also hypothesized that the transition toward the Sassanid Empire represents the end of struggle of ethnic proto-Persians with their close migrant ethnic relatives, the Parthians, whose original homeland was in modern-day Central Asia.

The Sassanid empire, during Late Antiquity, is considered to have been one of Persia's/Iran's most important and influential historical periods, and constituted the last great Iranian empire before the Muslim conquest and the adoption of Islam. In many ways, the Sassanid period witnessed the peak of ancient Persian civilization. Persia influenced Roman civilization considerably during the Sassanid period. The Sassanids' cultural influence extended far beyond the empire's territorial borders, reaching as far as Western Europe, Africa, China and India. It played a prominent role in the formation of both European and Asian medieval art.

Read more about Sassanid Empire:  Government, Legacy and Importance, Sassanid Empire Chronology

Other articles related to "sassanid empire, empire, sassanid, sassanids":

Sassanid Castles - Sassanid Empire Chronology
... Reign of Ardashir I 224–226 Overthrow of Parthian Empire 229–232 War with Rome Zoroastrianism is revived as official religion The collection of texts known as the Zend Avesta is assembled 241 ... Constantinople 428 Persian zone of Armenia annexed to Sassanid Empire 438–457 Reign of Yazdegerd II 441 War with Rome 449-451 Armenian revolt 482-3 ... Christianity becomes dominant Christian sect in Sassanid Empire 502-506 War with Constantinople 610 Arabs defeat a Sassanid army at Dhu-Qar 636(XI) Decisive Sassanid ...
Sassanid Castles - History - Decline and Fall (622–651)
... the devastation of the richest territories of the Sassanid Empire, and the humiliating destruction of high-profile targets such as Ganzak and Dastagerd fatally undermined Khosrau's prestige and his support ... successive kings, including two daughters of Khosrau II and spahbod Shahrbaraz, the Sassanid Empire weakened considerably ... king to emerge from a series of coups, and the Sassanids never had time to recover fully ...
Sassanid Empire Chronology
226–241 Reign of Ardashir I 224–226 Overthrow of Parthian Empire 229–232 War with Rome Zoroastrianism is revived as official religion The collection of texts. 428 Persian zone of Armenia annexed to Sassanid Empire 438–457 Reign of Yazdegerd II 441 War with Rome 449-451 Armenian revolt 482-3 Armenian and Iberian revolt 491 Armenian revolt ... Nestorian Christianity becomes dominant Christian sect in Sassanid Empire 502-506 War with Constantinople 610 Arabs defeat a Sassanid army at Dhu-Qar 636(XI) Decisive Sassanid defeat at ...
Sassanid Castles
... The Sassanian Empire or Sassanid Persian Empire (/sæˈseɪniən/, /ˈsæsənɪd/ also spelled Sasanid or Sasanian), known to its inhabitants as Ērānshahr and Ērān in Middle Persian and resulting in the New ... The Sassanid Empire, which succeeded the Parthian Empire, was recognized as one of the main powers in Western and Central Asia, alongside the Roman-Byzantine ... The Sassanid Empire was founded by Ardashir I, after the fall of the Arsacid Empire and the defeat of the last Arsacid king, Artabanus V ...
Sassanid Castles - Religion - Christianity
... Christians in the Sassanid Empire belonged mainly to the Nestorian Church (Church of the East) and the Jacobite Church (Syriac Orthodox Church) branches of Christianity ... originally maintained ties with Christian churches in the Roman Empire, they were indeed quite different from them ... and Western Christianity, was strong pressure from the Sassanid authorities to sever connections with Rome, since the Sassanid Empire was often at war with the ...

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