Sailing is the propulsion of a vehicle and the control of its movement with large (usually fabric) foils called sails. By changing the rigging, rudder, and sometimes the keel or centre board, a sailor manages the force of the wind on the sails in order to move the vessel relative to its surrounding medium (typically water, but also land and ice) and change its direction and speed. Mastery of the skill requires experience in varying wind and sea conditions, as well as knowledge concerning sailboats themselves and an understanding of one's surroundings.
While there are still some places in the world where sail-powered passenger, fishing and trading vessels are used, these craft have become rarer as internal combustion engines have become economically viable in even the poorest and most remote areas. In most countries sailing is enjoyed as a recreational activity or as a sport. Recreational sailing or yachting can be divided into racing and cruising. Cruising can include extended offshore and ocean-crossing trips, coastal sailing within sight of land, and daysailing.
Read more about Sailing: History, Points of Sail, Sailing Hulls and Hull Shapes, Types of Sails and Layouts, Sailing Terminology, Knots and Line Handling, Rules and Regulations, Licensing, Sailboat Racing, Recreational Sailing, Passagemaking
Other articles related to "sailing":
... She was designed as a sailing vessel with an auxiliary steam engine ... Under favourable sailing conditions she could make 13 knots (24 km/h) ... The design was a compromise between steam power and a desire to retain good sailing properties ...
... Four men and one woman participated in the sailing competition for Austria ... They won two gold medals ...
... A wind transducer is usually mounted on the masthead of a sailing boat and is occasionally used by power boats too ... The wind speed and direction measurements are more critical to sailing boats than to power boats ... Sailing boats can sail at a maximum of 45 degrees close to the wind and will sail faster on a reach than when at closest to the wind ...
... - pinque) is one of two different types of Sailing ship ... Types of sailing vessels and rigs Sailing rigs Fore-and-aft rig (Bermuda rig • Gaff rig • Latin rig) Square rig Junk rig By sail-plan Barque Brig Brigantine ...
... of similar length is theoretically capable of sailing anywhere its crew is willing to guide it ... enterprise requires keen knowledge of sailing in general as well as maintenance, navigation (especially celestial navigation), and often even international diplomacy (for which ...
Famous quotes containing the word sailing:
“Theologians should not be ashamed to admit that they cannot enter a contest with such antagonists [the sceptics], and that they do not want to expose the Gospel truths to such an attack. The ship of Jesus Christ is not made for sailing on this stormy sea, but for taking shelter from this tempest in the haven of faith.”
—Pierre Bayle (16471706)
“To sunny waters some
By fatal instinct fly; where on the pool
They sportive wheel, or, sailing down the stream,
Are snatched immediate by the quick-eyed trout
Or darting salmon.”
—James Thomson (17001748)
“O western orb sailing the heaven,
Now I know what you must have meant as a month since I walked,
As I walked in silence the transparent shadowy night,”
—Walt Whitman (18191892)