Road traffic safety refers to methods and measures for reducing the risk of a person using the road network being killed or seriously injured. The users of a road include pedestrians, cyclists, motorists, their passengers, and passengers of on-road public transport, mainly buses and trams. Best-practice road safety strategies focus upon the prevention of serious injury and death crashes in spite of human fallibility (which is contrasted with the old road safety paradigm of simply reducing crashes assuming road user compliance with traffic regulations). Safe road design is now about providing a road environment which ensures vehicle speeds will be within the human tolerances for serious injury and death wherever conflict points exist.The basic strategy of a Safe System approach is to ensure that in the event of a crash, the impact energies remain below the threshold likely to produce either death or serious injury. This threshold will vary from crash scenario to crash scenario, depending upon the level of protection offered to the road users involved. For example, the chances of survival for an unprotected pedestrian hit by a vehicle diminish rapidly at speeds greater than 30 km/h, whereas for a properly restrained motor vehicle occupant the critical impact speed is 50 km/h (for side impact crashes) and 70 km/h (for head-on crashes). —International Transport Forum, Towards Zero, Ambitious Road Safety Targets and the Safe System Approach, Executive Summary page 19
As sustainable solutions for all classes of road have not been identified, particularly lowly trafficked rural and remote roads, a hierarchy of control should be applied, similar to best practice Occupational Safety and Health. At the highest level is sustainable prevention of serious injury and death crashes, with sustainable requiring all key result areas to be considered. At the second level is real time risk reduction, which involves providing users at severe risk with a specific warning to enable them to take mitigating action. The third level is about reducing the crash risk which involves applying the road design standards and guidelines (such as from AASHTO), improving driver behaviour and enforcement.
... ASIRT provides road safety information to tourists, students and corporate travelors ... Road Travel Reports ASIRT's user-friendly reports on over 160 countries describing general road conditions frequent road crash sites national road safety statistics driver behavioirs driving ... A Global Road Safety Toolbox for the Study Abroad Community a manual that helps study-abroad professionals to plan safe itineraries and students to make safe, informed travel ...
... Cyprus currently holds a worse than average road safety record in the European Union. ...
... The Campaign is led by 13 key stakeholders in UK road safety ... Highway Engineers, PACTS, Prince Michael International Road Safety Award, RAC Foundation, Road Haulage Association, Road Safe, Road Safety Foundation ...
... AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety (in the US) Asia Injury Prevention Foundation EuroRAP Fatality Analysis Reporting System ISO 39001 List of countries by traffic-rela ...
... global thematic areas Enterprise Development, Road Safety, and Access to Energy Education ... Shell keeps an eye on safety through its belief that quality products should accompany better life health ... It has conducted a number of Road Safety related campaigns with stakeholders in the public and private sectors ...
Famous quotes containing the words safety and/or road:
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