RGW - Observer Status

Observer Status

1964:

1973:

  • Finland

1975:

  • Iraq
  • Mexico

1984:

  • Nicaragua

1986:

  • Afghanistan
  • Ethiopia
  • Laos
  • South Yemen

In the late 1950s, a number of communist-ruled non-member countries — People's Republic of China, North Korea, Mongolia, Vietnam, and Yugoslavia — were invited to participate as observers in Comecon sessions. Although Mongolia and Vietnam later gained full membership, China stopped attending Comecon sessions after 1961. Yugoslavia negotiated a form of associate status in the organization, specified in its 1964 agreement with Comecon. Collectively, the members of the Comecon did not display the necessary prerequisites for economic integration: their level of industrialization was low and uneven, with a single dominant member (the Soviet Union) producing 70% of the community national product.

In the late 1980s there were ten full members: the Soviet Union, six East European countries, and three extraregional members. Geography, therefore, no longer united Comecon members. Wide variations in economic size and level of economic development also tended to generate divergent interests among the member countries. All these factors combined to give rise to significant differences in the member states' expectations about the benefits to be derived from membership in Comecon. Unity was provided instead by political and ideological factors. All Comecon members were "united by a commonality of fundamental class interests and the ideology of Marxism-Leninism" and had common approaches to economic ownership (state versus private) and management (plan versus market). In 1949 the ruling communist parties of the founding states were also linked internationally through the Cominform, from which Yugoslavia had been expelled the previous year. Although the Cominform was disbanded in 1956, interparty links continued to be strong among Comecon members, and all participated in periodic international conferences of communist parties. Comecon provided a mechanism through which its leading member, the Soviet Union, sought to foster economic links with and among its closest political and military allies. The East European members of Comecon were also militarily allied with the Soviet Union in the Warsaw Pact.

There were three kinds of relationships – besides the 10 full memberships – with the Comecon:

  • Yugoslavia was the only country considered to have associate member status. On the basis of the 1964 agreement, Yugoslavia participated in twenty-one of the thirty-two key Comecon institutions as if it were a full member.
  • Finland, Iraq, Mexico and Nicaragua had a nonsocialist cooperant status with Comecon. Because the governments of these countries were not empowered to conclude agreements in the name of private companies, the governments did not take part in Comecon operations. They were represented in Comecon by commissions made up of members of the government and the business community. The commissions were empowered to sign various "framework" agreements with Comecon's Joint Commission on Cooperation.
  • After 1957 Comecon allowed certain countries with communist or pro-Soviet governments to attend sessions as observers. In November 1986, delegations from Democratic Republic of Afghanistan, Ethiopia, Laos, Nicaragua, and the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (South Yemen) attended the 42d Council Session as observers.

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Other articles related to "observer status":

African Charter On The Rights And Welfare Of The Child - Observer Status For Civil Society Organisations (CSOs)
... The adoption of the guidelines for granting observer status will now also ensure that more CSOs are able to formally participate and contribute in the process ... According to the proposed guidelines for observer status some of the ways CSOs and associations will be allowed to participate will include ... for the participation of CSOs for observer status are Once the organisation has obtained observer status, it may request the Committee of Experts to include issues of interest on their agenda and to make oral ...
Observer Status - World Health Organization - Republic of China
... From 1997 to 2008, the Republic of China (ROC) (Taiwan) applied for observer status in the WHO every year, under different names including "Republic of China", "Taiwan Health Entity" and "Taiwa ...
South Asian Association For Regional Cooperation - SAARC Charter - Principles
... States of America and South Korea made formal requests to be granted observer status ... The European Union has also indicated interest in being given observer status, and made a formal request for the same to the SAARC Council of Ministers meeting in July 2006. 2 August 2006 the foreign ministers of the SAARC countries agreed in principle to grant observer status to the US, South Korea and the European Union ...
Outline Of The Palestinian Territories - Government and Politics of The Palestinian Territories - International Organization Membership
... ITUC) (affiliate member) International Telecommunication Union (ITU) (non-voting observer status) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) (represent ... Universal Postal Union (UPU) (special observer status) World Health Organization (WHO) (observer status for the PLO) (see also Palestine's application ...

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