Reinforcer

Some articles on reinforcer, reinforcers:

Reinforcement - Types - Primary Reinforcers
... A primary reinforcer, sometimes called an unconditioned reinforcer, is a stimulus that does not require pairing to function as a reinforcer and most ... Examples of primary reinforcers include sleep, food, air, water, and sex ... Some primary reinforcers, such as certain drugs, may mimic the effects of other primary reinforcers ...
Self-administration - Technique - Reinforcement Schedules
... A single operant response triggers the dispense of a single dose of reinforcer, though this is true only in theory ... follows each operant response that successfully yields a dose of reinforcer during this period, operant responses fail to produce drug administration allowing previous injections to take effect ... predefined number of operant responses to dispense one unit of reinforcer ...
Self-administration - Technique - Acquisition
... are trained to perform some action, such as a lever press, with the anticipation of receiving a reinforcer, such as food or water (under food- or water ... The reinforcer functions to increase the future probability of a response ... Following this initial training, the reinforcer is replaced by a test drug to be administered by one of the following methods oral, inhalation, intraperitoneal, intracerebral, intravenous ...
Reinforcement - Types - Secondary Reinforcers
... A secondary reinforcer, sometimes called a conditioned reinforcer, is a stimulus or situation that has acquired its function as a reinforcer after pairing with a ... This stimulus may be a primary reinforcer or another conditioned reinforcer (such as money) ... An example of a secondary reinforcer would be the sound from a clicker, as used in clicker training ...
Clicker Training
... A clicker is just one example of a conditioned reinforcer (secondary reinforcer) or "bridge" ... from any sensory mode may become a conditioned reinforcer (ex ...