Reindeer

The reindeer (Rangifer tarandus), also known as the caribou in North America, is a species of deer native to Arctic and Subarctic regions. This includes both resident and migratory populations. While overall widespread and numerous, some of its subspecies are rare and at least one has already gone extinct.

Reindeer vary considerably in color and size. Both sexes grow antlers, though they are typically larger in males. However, there are a few populations in which females lack antlers completely.

Wild reindeer hunting and herding of semi-domesticated reindeer (for meat, hides, antlers, milk and transportation) are important to several Arctic and Subarctic peoples. Even far outside its range, the reindeer is well known due to the myth, probably originating in early 19th century America, in which Santa Claus's sleigh is pulled by flying reindeer, a popular element of Christmas. In Lapland, reindeer pull pulks.

Read more about Reindeer:  Distribution and Habitat, Subspecies, Heraldry and Symbols

Other articles related to "reindeer":

Stump Cross Caverns - Fossils
... discoverers of the caves found four near-complete reindeer fossils and a smaller skeleton believed to be that of an unborn reindeer ... Christoper Long's 1922 exploration reveald more prehistoric reindeer bones, and also those of wolverines ...
Reindeer - Heraldry and Symbols
... Several Norwegian municipalities have one or more reindeer depicted in their coats-of-arms Eidfjord, Porsanger, Rendalen, Tromsø, Vadsø, and Vågå ... The historic province of Västerbotten in Sweden has a reindeer in its coat of arms ... present Västerbotten County has very different borders and uses the reindeer combined with other symbols in its coat-of-arms ...
Ayon Island - Economy - Soviet Russia
... turned into a formal Kolkhoz that would eventually have around 22,000 reindeer under its control ... In addition to reindeer herding, the new collective was also engaged in sea-hunting and the collection of furs ... people living there only during the summer when the reindeer were taken to pasture, with the exception of a few individuals who would over-winter in order to hunt ...
Sami Culture - Culture - Reindeer Husbandry
... Reindeer husbandry has been, and is, an important aspect of Sami culture ... During the years of forced assimilation, the areas in which reindeer herding was an important livelihood were among the few where the Sami culture and language survived ... Today, in Norway and Sweden, reindeer husbandry is legally protected as an exclusive Sami livelihood, such that only persons of Sami descent with a linkage to a reindeer herding family ...
Mail Delivery By Animal - Reindeer
... From around 1899 reindeer were used to deliver mail in Alaska for the U.S ... Distances of 30–50 miles were covered by the service, with the reindeer carrying up to 300 pounds (140 kg) of mail ...