RBMK

The RBMK (Reaktor Bolshoy Moshchnosti Kanalniy, "High Power Channel-type Reactor") (Russian: Реактор Большой Мощности Канальный) is a class of graphite-moderated nuclear power reactor designed and built by the Soviet Union.

The RBMK is an early Generation II reactor and the oldest commercial reactor design still in wide operation; it features a number of design and safety flaws (such as graphite-tipped control rods, a dangerous positive void coefficient and instability at low power levels) that have since been rectified in newer designs. The reactor's flaws contributed to the 1986 Chernobyl disaster in which an RBMK exploded during an unsafe test and spread radioactivity over a large portion of Eastern Europe. The disaster prompted worldwide calls for the reactors to be completely decommissioned, although there is still considerable reliance on RBMK facilities for power in Russia and the post-Soviet republics; the last RBMK at Chernobyl was not shut down until 2000, and as of 2012 there were still at least 11 RBMK reactors operating in Russia.

Read more about RBMKHistory, Design Flaws and Safety Issues, Further Development, Closures, Status

Other articles related to "rbmk":

RBMK - Status
... Location Reactor type Status Net Capacity (MW) Gross Capacity (MW) Chernobyl-1 RBMK-1000 shut down in 800 ... Chernobyl-2 RBMK-1000 shut down in 925. 1,000 Chernobyl-3 RBMK-1000 shut down in 925. 1,0 ...
Nuclear Power In Ukraine - Reactors
... All of Ukraine's RBMK reactors (the type involved in the 1986 Chernobyl nuclear disaster) were located at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant ... Name Location Type Capacity, MWe Operational Notes Chernobyl NPP Prypiat RBMK 1000 1977-1996 RBMK 1000 1978-1991 RBMK 1000 1981-2000 RBMK 1000 1984-1986 exploded in the Chernobyl accident Khmelnytsky Netishyn ...
Smolensk Nuclear Power Plant
... Smolensk NPP operates three RBMK-1000 reactors (1000MW water-cooled graphite-moderated channel-type reactors) ... Gross capacity Construction started Electricity Grid Commercial Operation Shutdown Smolensk – 1 RBMK-1000 925 MW 1,000 MW 1975-10-01 1982-12-09 1983-09-30 December 2013 Smolensk – 2 RBMK-1000 925 MW 1,000 ...
Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant - Reactors
... nuclear power plant contained two RBMK-1500 water-cooled graphite-moderated channel-type power reactors ... The Soviet-designed RBMK-1500 reactor was originally the most powerful reactor in the world with an electrical power capacity of 1,500 megawatts (MW) and thermal power capacity of 4,800 MW, but this ... These are of a similar type of reactor (RBMK-1000) as at the Chernobyl power plant, hence the European Union's insistence on closing them ...
List Of Nuclear Reactors - Russia - Power Station Reactors
1984-10-11 11.10.1984 2014 (2014) Kursk 1 RBMK-1000 (1. 1976-12-19 19.12.1976 2021 (2021) Kursk 2 RBMK-1000 (1. 28.01.1979 2024 (2024) Kursk 3 RBMK-1000 (2 ...