Queen Maud Land (Norwegian: Dronning Maud Land) is a c. 2.7 million-square-kilometre (1 million sq mi) region of Antarctica claimed as a dependent territory by Norway. The territory lies between 20° west and 45° east, between the British Antarctic Territory to the west and the Australian Antarctic Territory to the east. The latitudinal limits of the territory are not officially defined. Positioned in East Antarctica, the territory comprises one-sixth of the total area of Antarctica. The claim is named for Maud (1869–1938), queen consort of King Haakon VII of Norway.
Norwegian Hjalmar Riiser-Larsen was the first person to set foot in the territory in 1930. On 14 January 1939, the territory was claimed by Norway. From 1939 until 1945, Germany claimed New Swabia, which consisted of part of Queen Maud Land. On 23 June 1961, Queen Maud Land became part of the Antarctic Treaty System, making it a demilitarised zone. It is one of two Antarctic claims made by Norway, the other being Peter I Island. They are administrated by the Polar Affairs Department of the Norwegian Ministry of Justice and the Police in Oslo.
Most of the territory is covered by the Antarctic ice sheet, and a tall ice wall stretches throughout its coast. In some areas further within the ice sheet, mountain ranges breach through the ice, allowing for birds to breed and the growth of a limited flora. The region is divided into the Princess Martha Coast, Princess Astrid Coast, Princess Ragnhild Coast, Prince Harald Coast and Prince Olav Coast. The waters off the coast are called the King Haakon VII Sea.
There is no permanent population, although there are twelve active research stations housing a maximum average of 40 scientists, the numbers fluctuating depending on the season. Six are occupied year-round, while the remainder are seasonal summer stations. The main aerodromes for intercontinental flights, corresponding with Cape Town, South Africa, are Troll Airfield, near the Norwegian Troll research station, and a runway at the Russian Novolazarevskaya Station.
Other articles related to "maud, queen maud land, land":
... Ancestors of Maud, Countess of Leicester 16 ... Maud Chaworth 22 ... Maud FitzJohn 1 ...
... Time zone Aboa Summer Finland 1988 Finnish Antarctic Research Program Queen Maud Land 73°03′S 13°25′W / 73.050°S 13.417°W / -73.050 -13.417 (Aboa ... Pakistan 1991 Pakistan Antarctic Programme Sør Rondane Mountains, Queen Maud Land 70°24′S 25°45′E / 70.400°S 25.750°E / -70.400 25.750 (Jinnah Antarctic Station (Pakis ... Germany 2001 Alfred Wegener Institute Queen Maud Land 75°00′S 00°04′E / 75.000°S 0.067°E / -75.000 0.067 (Kohnen-Station (Germany ...
... The following table lists the currently operational research stations in Queen Maud Land, sorted from westernmost to easternmost ...
... States - Heliport, Skiway Budd Coast Wilkes Land N/A N/A Casey Station Skiway (serving Casey Station) Australia Budd Coast Wilkes Land (Upper Peterson Glacier ... Antarctica N/A N/A D10 France - Skiway Antarctica N/A N/A D85 France - Skiway Princess Elizabeth Land, Antarctica N/A N/A Davis sea ice (serving Davis Station ... Robertson Land, Antarctica N/A N/A Mawson Station Australia - Skiway Antarctica N/A N/A Midpoint Italy - Skiway Thala Hills, Antarctica N/A N/A Molodezhnaya Station Russia - Aerodrome, Airfield Ekstrom Ice Shelf ...
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“The Judge looked back as he climbed the hill,
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