Punic Wars

The Punic Wars were a series of three wars fought between Rome and Carthage from 264 BC to 146 BC. At the time, they were probably the largest wars that had ever taken place. The term Punic comes from the Latin word Punicus (or Poenicus), meaning "Carthaginian", with reference to the Carthaginians' Phoenician ancestry. The main cause of the Punic Wars was the conflict of interests between the existing Carthaginian Empire and the expanding Roman Republic. The Romans were initially interested in expansion via Sicily (which at that time was a cultural melting pot), part of which lay under Carthaginian control. At the start of the first Punic War, Carthage was the dominant power of the Western Mediterranean, with an extensive maritime empire, while Rome was the rapidly ascending power in Italy, but lacked the naval power of Carthage. By the end of the third war, after more than a hundred years, and the loss of many hundreds of thousands of soldiers from both sides, Rome had conquered Carthage's empire and completely destroyed the city, becoming the most powerful state of the Western Mediterranean. With the end of the Macedonian wars – which ran concurrently with the Punic Wars – and the defeat of the Seleucid King Antiochus III the Great in the Roman–Syrian War (Treaty of Apamea, 188 BC) in the eastern sea, Rome emerged as the dominant Mediterranean power and one of the most powerful cities in classical antiquity. The Roman victories over Carthage in these wars gave Rome a preeminent status; it would retain until the 5th century AD.

Read more about Punic Wars:  Background, First Punic War (264 To 241 BC), Interval Between The First and Second Punic Wars, Second Punic War (218 To 201 BC), Third Punic War (149 To 146 BC)

Other articles related to "punic wars, wars, punic war, war":

Ancient Maritime History - The Mediterranean - Punic Wars
... The Punic Wars were a series of three wars fought between Rome and Carthage ... The main cause of the Punic Wars was the clash of interests between the existing Carthaginian Empire and the expanding Roman sphere of influence ... At the start of the first Punic War, Carthage was the dominant power of the Mediterranean, with an extensive maritime empire, while Rome was the rapidly ascending power in Italy ...
Ancient Carthage - The Punic Wars
... Further information Punic Wars, First Punic War, Mercenary War, Second Punic War, and Third Punic War When Agathocles died in 288 BC, a large company of Italian mercenaries ... forces at Messana triggered the first of the Punic Wars ... The wars included a Carthaginian invasion led by Hannibal, which nearly prevented the rise of the Roman Empire ...
Punic Wars - Third Punic War (149 To 146 BC)
... The Third Punic War (149–146 BC) involved an extended siege of Carthage, ending in the city's thorough destruction ... and martial power in the fifty years since the Second War ... of this condition, Carthage had managed to discharge its war indemnity to Rome, and considered itself no longer bound by the restrictions of the treaty ...
History Of Palermo - Punic Wars
... In the course of the Punic Wars Palermo was fought over by the Carthaginians and the Romans until, in 254 BC, the Roman fleet besieged the city ... It eventually surrendered and the population had to pay a war tribute to save their liberty ...

Famous quotes containing the word wars:

    The soger frae the wars returns,
    The sailor frae the main,
    But I hae parted frae my Love,
    Never to meet again, my dear,
    Never to meet again.
    Robert Burns (1759–1796)