Pudukkottai (Tamil: புதுக்கோட்டை சமஸ்தானம் Pūdūcōtai samasthānam) was a princely state in the Madras Presidency which existed from 1680 to 1948. From 1800 to 1923, it was one of the five princely states that were under political control of the Government of Madras.
The kingdom of Pudukkottai was founded in about 1680 as a feudatory of Ramnad and grew with subsequent additions from Tanjore, Sivaganga and Ramnad, itself. One of the staunch allies of the British East India Company in the Carnatic, Anglo-Mysore and Polygar wars, the kingdom was brought under the Company's protection in 1800 as per the system of Subsidiary Alliance. The state was placed under the control of the Madras Presidency from 1800 till 1 October 1923, when it was brought under the direct control of the Government of India.
The princely state covered a total area of 1,178 square miles (3,050 km2) and had a population of 438,648 in 1941. It extended over the whole of the present-day Pudukkottai district of Tamil Nadu, India (with the exception of Aranthangi taluk). The town of Pudukkottai was its capital.
Read more about Pudukkottai State: Location, History, Geography, Population, Religion, Administration, Police, Military, Sub-Divisions, Judiciary, Revenue, Currency, Agriculture, Industry and Manufacture, Trade, List of Kings of Pudukkottai, List of Diwans of Pudukkottai, President of The Council of Administration, Administrators, List of Major Zamins Under Pudukkottai
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—Anonymous, U.S. magazine contributor. Herald of Progress (no dates available)