In the APA Dictionary of Psychology, psychological dependence is defined as "dependence on a psychoactive substance for the reinforcement it provides." Most times psychological dependence is classified under addiction. They are similar in that addiction is a physiological "craving" for something and psychological dependence is a "need" for a particular substance because it causes enjoyable mental affects.
A person becomes dependent on something to help alleviate specific emotions. Psychological dependence begins after the first trial which a person then becomes satisfied and the satisfaction increases with each use. This constant feeling leads to psychological reinforcement which eventually leads to dependence. Of the various things that a person can be psychologically dependent on, "opiates, benzodiazepines, barbiturates, alcohol, and nicotine" are among them. Along with substances, people can also become dependent on activities as well; such as shopping, pornography, self-harm, and many more. While a psychologically dependent person attempts to recover, there are many withdrawal symptoms that one can experience throughout the process.Some of the withdrawal symptoms are: headache, poor judgement, trembling hands, and loss of attention span and focusing. When trying to over come psychological dependence on a drug, one can go to a substance abuse program.
Other articles related to "psychological dependence":
... Behavioural studies have shown that NMDA receptors are involved in the development of psychological dependence caused by chronic administration of morphine ... by co-treatment with NMDA antagonists prevents morphine-associated psychological dependence ... has show that the prevention of morphine-associated psychological dependence was not due to state-dependency effects induced by MK-801 but rather reflect the impairment of learning ...
... Although psychological dependence and addiction are often used interchangeably by layman, professionals continue to discuss the ambiguities while acknowledging some overlap in their meaning ... Notably, psychological dependence is a yearning for a certain substance whereas addiction is a want for that substance as it provides enjoyment to its user ... Second, addiction shows physical signs of withdrawal like sweating or shaking while psychological dependence exhibits signs of mental withdrawal like anxiety and ...
Famous quotes containing the word dependence:
“All charming people have something to conceal, usually their total dependence on the appreciation of others.”
—Cyril Connolly (19031974)