Isla de Providencia or Old Providence is a mountainous Caribbean island part of the Archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina, a department of Colombia, lying midway between Costa Rica and Jamaica. Providencia's maximum elevation is 360 m above sea level. The smaller Santa Catalina Island is connected by a 100 metre footbridge to its larger sister Providencia Island.
The island was the site of an English Puritan colony established in 1629 by the Providence Island Company, and was briefly taken by Spain in 1641. The infamous pirate Henry Morgan used Providencia as a base for raiding the Spanish empire, and rumours suggest that much of his treasure remains hidden on the island. Many parts of the island are named after Morgan. Forts and cannons dating back hundreds of years can be found scattered all over Santa Catalina Island.
The municipality of Providencia (which includes the smaller Santa Catalina Island lying to the north of Providencia Island, as well as several uninhabited cayes to the North and East) had a population of 5,011 at the 2007 official estimates, and receives just 15,000 visitors per year. The island is one of Colombia's top scuba diving destinations, with a 32 km long barrier reef protecting the Eastern coast of the island (see photo to the right).
Other articles related to "providencia island, island, providencia":
... This is the main island of the Providencia group, and the second largest of the department ... Providencia Island and Santa Catalina Island (a small satellite island close off its northern end) extend 7.2 km in a north-south direction ... The land area of Providencia Island measures 17 km² ...
... A 50 seater catarmaran makes a return trip from San Andres to Providencia Island every Monday, Wednesday, Friday Sunday ... Andres in the morning, and returning to San Andres from Providencia in the afternoon ...
... Hurricane Beta reached Providencia Island, on October 29, 2005 ... Roofs were damaged all over the island, and the island's main communications tower was knocked over ... homes were damaged by the storm throughout the island, leaving 1.4 million Colombian peso (2005 COP $681 USD) in repair costs ...
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