Positive psychology is a recent branch of psychology whose purpose was summed up in 1998 by Martin Seligman and Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi: "We believe that a psychology of positive human functioning will arise, which achieves a scientific understanding and effective interventions to build thriving individuals, families, and communities." Positive psychologists seek "to find and nurture genius and talent", and "to make normal life more fulfilling", rather than merely treating mental illness.
The branch intends to complement and focus, not to replace or ignore the rest of psychology. It does not seek to deny the importance of studying how things go wrong, but rather to emphasize the importance of using the scientific method to determine how things go right. This field brings attention to the possibility that focusing only on the disorder itself would result in only a partial understanding of a patient's condition.
Researchers in the field analyze things like states of pleasure or flow, values, strengths, virtues, talents, as well as the ways that they can be promoted by social systems and institutions. Positive psychologists are concerned with four topics: (1) positive experiences, (2) enduring psychological traits, (3) positive relationships and (4) positive institutions. Some thinkers, like Seligman, have attempted to collect the data into helpful theories (e.g. "P.E.R.M.A.", or The Handbook on Character Strengths and Virtues). Research from this branch of psychology has seen various practical applications.
Other articles related to "positive psychology, positive, psychology":
... Exploring The Idea of Contentment Through the Lens of Positive Psychology In many ways, Contentment, which can be defined as the state of being satisfied, can be ... In Positive Psychology social scientists study what might contribute to living a good life, or what would lead to people having increased positive mood and overall satisfaction with their life ... Happiness, in Positive Psychology, is defined in a twofold manner, which in totality is referred to as Subjective Well-Being ...
... at George Washington University in Washington DC, that the study of positive psychology is a reiteration of older ways of thinking in positive psychology. 17) warn of possible damage to the field of positive psychology through the scientific community becoming caught up in the media’s claims of positive psychology ... has written scathingly about the social dangers of what he calls "positive psychology", both in his column for Truthdig and, more extensively, in his 2009 book Empire of Illusion ...
... POB origins developed from the Positive Psychology movement, initiated in 1998 by Martin Seligman and colleagues ... Positive Psychology aims to shift the focus in psychology from dysfunctional mental illness to mental health, calling for an increased focus on the building of human strength ... The levels of analysis of positive psychology have been summarized to be at the subjective level (i.e ...
Famous quotes containing the words psychology and/or positive:
“A writer must always try to have a philosophy and he should also have a psychology and a philology and many other things. Without a philosophy and a psychology and all these various other things he is not really worthy of being called a writer. I agree with Kant and Schopenhauer and Plato and Spinoza and that is quite enough to be called a philosophy. But then of course a philosophy is not the same thing as a style.”
—Gertrude Stein (18741946)
“Whoever influences the childs life ought to try to give him a positive view of himself and of his world. The childs future happiness and his ability to cope with life and relate to others will depend on it.”
—Bruno Bettelheim (20th century)