Politics Of Ireland
On the island of Ireland there are two jurisdictions: Northern Ireland, a province of the United Kingdom, and the Republic of Ireland, a sovereign state. Since the Anglo-Irish Treaty of 1922, these two jurisdictions are governed separately. The Good Friday Agreement of 1998 created a framework of shared political institutions between the two parts of Ireland. The Good Friday Agreement also facilitated the restoration of self-government to Northern Ireland, subject to a number of reserved and excepted matters.
Thus, there are three administrations that govern the island of Ireland:
- Northern Ireland:
- Government of the United Kingdom (reserved and excepted matters)
- Northern Ireland Executive (all other matters)
- Republic of Ireland:
- Government of Ireland (all matters)
In addition to these, both the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom are member states of the European Union.