Poisson Bracket

In mathematics and classical mechanics, the Poisson bracket is an important binary operation in Hamiltonian mechanics, playing a central role in Hamilton's equations of motion, which govern the time-evolution of a Hamiltonian dynamical system. The Poisson bracket also distinguishes a certain class of coordinate-transformations, the so-called "canonical transformations", which maps canonical coordinate systems into canonical coordinate systems. (A "canonical coordinate system" consists of canonical position/momentum variables, that satisfy canonical Poisson-bracket relations.) Note that the set of possible canonical transformations is always very rich. For instance, often it is possible to choose the Hamiltonian itself H = H(q,p;t) as one of the new canonical momentum coordinates.

In a more general sense: the Poisson bracket is used to define a Poisson algebra, of which the algebra of functions on a Poisson manifold is a special case. These are all named in honour of Siméon-Denis Poisson.

Read more about Poisson BracketCanonical Coordinates, Hamilton's Equations of Motion, Constants of Motion, Definition, Lie Algebra, Quantization

Other articles related to "poisson, poisson bracket, bracket, poisson brackets, brackets":

Poisson Algebra - Examples - Symplectic Manifolds
... smooth functions over a symplectic manifold forms a Poisson algebra ... Then, given any two smooth functions F and G over the symplectic manifold, the Poisson bracket may be defined as ... This definition is consistent in part because the Poisson bracket acts as a derivation ...
Moyal Bracket
... In physics, the Moyal bracket is the suitably normalized antisymmetrization of the phase-space star product ... The Moyal Bracket was developed in about 1940 by José Enrique Moyal, but Moyal only succeeded in publishing his work in 1949 after a lengthy dispute with Dirac ... The Moyal bracket is a way of describing the commutator of observables in the phase space formulation of quantum mechanics when these observables are described as functions on phase space ...
Poisson Manifold - Definition
... A Poisson bracket (or Poisson structure) on a smooth manifold M is a bilinear map that satisfies the following three properties It is skew-symmetric {f,g} = - {g,f} ... By skew-symmetry, the Poisson bracket automatically satisfies Leibniz's Rule with respect to the second argument ... Any Poisson bracket yields a map from the cotangent bundle to the tangent bundle that sends df to Xf ...
Constant Of Motion - Methods For Identifying Constants of Motion
... it is not explicitly time-dependent and if its Poisson bracket with the Hamiltonian is zero Another useful result is Poisson's theorem, which states that if two quantities and are constants of ... of freedom, and n constants of motion, such that the Poisson bracket of any pair of constants of motion vanishes, is known as a completely integrable system ...
Poisson Bracket - Quantization
... Poisson brackets deform to Moyal brackets upon quantization, that is, they generalize to a different Lie algebra, the Moyal algebra, or, equivalently in Hilbert space, quantum commutators ...